Vienna summit - Wikipedia
President Kennedy meeting with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev at the more experienced Khrushchev at the June summit in Vienna. Kennedy and Khrushchev first met at the Vienna Summit in June Prior to meeting. PX 03 June President John F. Kennedy meets with Chairman Nikita Khrushchev at the US Embassy residence, Vienna, Austria. US Department.
Kennedy knew that the Cuban invasion sparked controversy. Therefore, Kennedy felt it crucial to meet with Khrushchev as soon as possible. He hoped that open channels of communication could remedy some of the conflict between the U.
Khrushchev and Kennedy met in Vienna on June 4, Kennedy meeting Nikita Khrushchev. Khrushchev and Kennedy devoted a significant amount of time at the Vienna Summit to discussing the Berlin Crisis. Khrushchev opened the conversation by expressing the Soviet perspective that a united Germany "[constituted] a threat of World War III.
Only 15 years after the end of that war, Germany again posed a "military threat" as a member of NATO. Such a treaty, he argued, "would not prejudice the interests of the U. Kennedy replied that American forces occupied Berlin "by contractual rights" rather than by the agreement of East Germans.
Although Kennedy argued that the current balance of power in Germany was effective, Khrushchev said that "no force in the world would prevent the USSR from signing a peace treaty.
He insisted that the city of Berlin should belong solely to the German Democratic Republic. West Germany, Khrushchev told Kennedy, would remain under American influence.
Kennedy countered by saying that the U. In light of this remark, Khrushchev suggested that an "interim arrangement" be considered.
Khrushchev only rebuffed the United States for playing a significant role in the overthrowing of the Laos government. The next day, Kennedy approached the Laos subject again. This time, Khrushchev negotiated more willingly.
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This agreement proved to be one of the only accomplishments of the Vienna Summit. Topping correctly identified the major points of conversation that dominated the conference—the Berlin and Laos questions.
JFK Was Completely Unprepared For His Summit with Khrushchev - HISTORY
Clearly, both the Americans and the Soviets had ample information regarding the other's position prior to the opening of the Summit. However, no one could predict the outcome of the summit, including the leaders' reactions to each other.
For the Americans, the summit was initially seen as a diplomatic triumph. He had adequately stalled Khrushchev and made it clear that the United States was not willing to compromise on a withdrawal from Berlin, whatever pressure Khrushchev may exert on the "testicles of the West," as Khrushchev once called them.
In retrospect the summit may be seen as a failure. The two leaders became increasingly frustrated at the lack of progress of the negotiations. In addition, there were a number of disagreements between the US and France that could have made the meeting rocky, but de Gaulle decided to help Kennedy make the most of this encounter.
De Gaulle received Kennedy with unusual warmth.
For his part, Kennedy knew how to flatter Degaulle. His efforts were helped by the fact that Kennedy had his French-speaking wife, Jacqueline, accompany him on the trip. Her beauty, facility with the language and knowledge of French culture dazzled the Parisians.
She was greeted like a rock star. This meeting would lead to one of the President's most famous lines: By and large, his advisors agreed that Khrushchev would try to intimidate Kennedy. Their first meeting took place in Vienna at the residence of the US Ambassador to Austria in the early afternoon of June3, The meeting featured a spirited debate between Khrushchev and Kennedy about their respective economic systems. The atmosphere improved during lunch.
However, when the two leaders took a stroll later in the garden, Khrushchev relentlessly attacked both Kennedy and the US economic system. Later in the day, Dave Powers commented to the President how calm he looked during Khrushchev's attacks.
Khrushchev continued his relentless attacks on Kennedy and American policies. Later that evening Khrushchev stated to his aides: Khrushchev insisted he would sign a peace agreement with Germany with or without US approval, and without regard for US rights in West Berlin. Kennedy made it clear to Khrushchev that signing a peace agreement with Germany was not a problem, but blocking Western rights could lead to war.
JFK Was Completely Unprepared For His Summit with Khrushchev
When the formal meetings were over, Kennedy insisted on a short private meeting with Khrushchev. At that meeting, Khrushchev stated: If the US wants war, that's its problem". The decision to sign a peace treaty is firm and irrevocable, and the Soviet Union will sign it in December, if the US refuses an interim agreement.
Chairman, there will be a war.