Peter Pan - Wikipedia
Peter Pan is a fictional character created by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie. Barrie mentions in Peter and Wendy that Peter Pan still had all his "first teeth". . While in Kensington Gardens, Peter meets a lost girl named Maimie. Peter Pan; or, the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up or Peter and Wendy is J. M. Barrie' s most famous . Peter returns briefly, and he meets Mrs. Darling, who has agreed to adopt the Lost Boys. She offers to adopt Peter as well, but Peter refuses. Follow the leader for a chance to meet the boy who never grew up! Peter Pan holds Wendy's hand while standing on the deck of a pirate ship.
Gentleman Starkey was once an usher at a public school. He is Captain Hook's first mate. Peter Pan gives Starkey's hat to the Never Bird to use as a nest.
In the part of the story where Peter Pan and the Lost Boys built a house for Wendy on Neverland, Peter Pan stays up late that night to guard her from the pirates, but then the story says: Any of the other boys obstructing the fairy path at night they would have mischiefed, but they just tweaked Peter's nose and passed on.
They are described as being very beautiful and mysterious creatures but equally just as vain and malevolent. Barrie states in the novel Peter and Wendy that the mermaids are only friendly to Peter, and that they will intentionally splash or even attempt to drown anyone else if they come close enough.
It is especially dangerous for mortals to go to Mermaids' Lagoon at night, because that's when the mermaids sing hauntingly in the moonlight and utter strange wailing cries to attract potential victims. The Crocodile is Captain Hook's nemesis. During a sword fight, Peter cut off Hook's right hand and fed it to a crocodile which followed Hook ever since, hungering for more. The crocodile also swallowed a clock which ticking warns Hook of its presence.
At the end of the story, Captain Hook falls into the crocodile's mouth and is swallowed whole. Peter has literally chosen not to make the transition from one to the other, and encourages the other children to do the same. However, the opening line of the novel, "All children, except one, grow up", and the conclusion of the story indicates that this wish is unrealistic, and there is an element of tragedy in the alternative. In particular, Peter lacks the mental capacity for secondary mental representation and cannot recollect the past, anticipate the future, consider two things at once or see things from another person's point of view.
He is therefore amnesic, inconsequential, impulsive and callous.
Wendy's flirtatious desire to kiss Peter, his desire for a mother figure, his conflicting feelings for Wendy, Tiger Lily, and Tinker Bell each representing different female archetypesand the symbolism of his fight with Captain Hook traditionally played by the same actor as Wendy's fatherall could possibly hint at a Freudian interpretation see Oedipus complex. Most children's adaptations of the play, including the Disney film, omit any romantic themes between Wendy and Peter, but Barrie's original, his novelisation, the Mary Martin musical, and the and feature films all hint at the romantic elements.
Stage productions[ edit ] The original stage production took place at the Duke of York's TheatreLondon, on 27 December Besides du Maurier, the pirates were: May played Liza, credited ironically as "Author of the Play". Grahame, Black Pirate by S. Spencer, Crocodile by A. Lawton, and the Ostrich by G.
Tinker Bell was represented on stage by a darting light "created by a small mirror held in the hand off-stage and reflecting a little circle of light from a powerful lamp"  and her voice was "a collar of bells and two special ones that Barrie brought from Switzerland".
However, a Miss "Jane Wren" or "Jenny Wren" was listed among the cast on the programmes of the original productions as playing Tinker Bell: Inspector of Taxeswho sent her a tax demand. Darling the children's father and Captain Hook to be played or voiced by the same actor. Although this was originally done simply to make full use of the actor the characters appear in different sections of the story with no thematic intent, some critics have perceived a similarity between the two characters as central figures in the lives of the children.
It also brings a poignant juxtaposition between Mr. Darling's harmless bluster and Captain Hook's pompous vanity.
Cecilia Loftus played Peter in the — production. Pauline Chase took the role from the —07 London season until while Zena Dare was Peter on tour during most of that period.
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Jean Forbes-Robertson became a well-known Pan in London in the s and s. The Broadway production starred Maude Adamswho would play the role on and off again for more than a decade and, in the U.
It was produced again in the U. Among musical theatre adaptations, the most successful in the U. Martin became the actress most associated with the role in the U. List of works based on Peter Pan The story of Peter Pan has been a popular one for adaptation into other media. The story and its characters have been used as the basis for a number of motion pictures live action and animatedstage musicals, television programs, a ballet, and ancillary media and merchandise.
The best known of these are the animated feature film produced by Walt Disney featuring the voice of year-old film actor Bobby Driscoll one of the first male actors in the title role, which was traditionally played by women ; the series of musical productions and their televised presentations starring Mary MartinSandy Duncanand Cathy Rigby ; and the live-action feature film produced by P.
Hogan starring Jeremy Sumpter.
In the play and novel, he teaches the Darling children to fly using a combination of "lovely wonderful thoughts" and fairy dust. In Barrie's Dedication to the play Peter Pan, The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow up,  the author attributes the idea of fairy dust being necessary for flight to practical needs: Barrie Peter has an effect on the whole of Neverland and its inhabitants when he is there.
Barrie states that although Neverland appears different to every child, the island "wakes up" when Peter returns from his trip to London. He is a skilled swordsmanrivalling even Captain Hook, whose hand he cut off in a duel.
He has remarkably keen vision and hearing. He is skilled in mimicry, copying the voice of Hook and the ticking of the clock in the crocodile. Peter has the ability to imagine things into existence and he is able to feel danger when it is near.
In Peter and Wendy, Barrie states that the Peter Pan legend Mrs Darling heard as a child was that when children died, he accompanied them part of the way to their destination so they would not be frightened. This is a role similar to the Greek god Hermes as a psychopomp.
Peter Pan Character Meeting at Magic Kingdom | Walt Disney World Resort
In the original play, Peter states that no one must ever touch him though he does not know why. The stage directions specify that no one does so throughout the play. Wendy approaches Peter to give him a "kiss" thimblebut is prevented by Tinker Bell. However, John Caird and Trevor Nunn's introduction to the script for the Royal National Theatre production, states that this was never Barrie's original intention, and was only added for a production inwhere Jean Forbes-Robertson took the title role, and played the part with a lighter, more fairy-like, physicality .
Robertson was to play the part almost every year until Cultural allusions[ edit ] The character's name comes from two sources: Peter Llewelyn Daviesone of the five Llewelyn Davies boys who inspired the story, and Pana minor deity of Greek mythology who plays pipes to nymphs and is part human and part goat. She is also more adventurous than in most adaptations, taking part in the conflict with the pirates including sword fighting.
The film also develops Barrie's hint that Wendy is attracted to the more mature and virile Hook, showing that she is growing up in spite of herself.
Animation[ edit ] Peter Pan animated film — Kathryn Beaumont. Disney 's Wendy is portrayed as being a mother first and foremost, with all the classical ideas of how to be a mother and care for people. She appears bossy but well-meaning, and slightly taken with Peter. Like her original character in the novel, she cares about Peter and about her brothers' well-being.
She also appears at the Walt Disney Parks and Resorts as a meetable character. Return to Never Land animated film — Kath Soucie voices a grown-up Wendy who has married a man named Edward and has raised her children on tales of Peter Pan. Her role is minimal in this portrayal, but at the end of the film she is briefly, but happily, reunited with Peter after so many years. Tinker Bell animated film — America Young. Wendy is shown as the recipient of a long-forgotten ballerina music box that Tinker Bell has repaired.
Wendy is much younger in appearance than in 's Peter Pan.