Miep Gies :: The betrayal
The Franks later invited one more person, Mr. Dussel, to share their annex. . A boy with whom Anne has an innocent, though romantic relationship before she .. she has been in hiding she has longed for ―trust, love and physical affection. Of the eight Jewish hiders, only Otto Frank returned after the war, as did the In Anne's diary it becomes clear that the Annex occupants also did not trust him. Frank if it would be all right to add mr dussel to the list of occupants hiding in the secret annex mr. Explan' and find homework help for other The Diary of Anne Frank questions at eNotes. They trusted his decisions. 2 educator answers; Compare and contrast Anne's relationship with her mother to that with her father.
At the same time, her longing for Peter Schiff can also be seen as an extension of her desire for a real friend.
Active Themes January 12th. Anne reflects on her relationship with her mother — she speculates that Mrs. Frank must think she has a fantastic relationship with her daughters. Anne pauses to consider that sometimes she sees herself as others might see her: In adjusting her attitude toward her mother, Anne is able to see her mother as a human being complete with inner and outer selves.
Anne reflects on how her mother's inability to be a real parent is connected with her feelings of isolation. She believes romantic love is the solution to this isolation.
Active Themes January 15th. The Annex dwellers have taken to dividing up all of their food according to separate factions. Frank is getting some extra sugar for her birthday, which has sparked jealousy in Mrs. Dussel often helps himself to more than his fair share of gravy at supper.
Anne's journey into adolescence involves questioning and assessing the actions of the adults around her. She wonders if this selfishness is just part of human nature. Of course, to some extent, the adult's actions result form their extreme situation confined in the Annex. At the same time, by being confined with the adults Anne is getting a true glimpse into the adult world, and learning that this world—which children often imagine as being rational, virtuous, and good—is much more complex, and filled with both negative and positive traits and actions.
Active Themes January 19th. Anne feels that her dream of Peter Schiff has changed her. Anne realizes that she no longer feels jealous of Margot's relationship with Mr. She assesses her behavior toward her parents, and wonders if she'll ever be the person she hopes to be. Anne believes that the solution to her loneliness can be found in a romantic relationship. She continues to assess her own behavior in an effort to shape her outer self. Active Themes January 22nd. Anne feels that she's become more adult since her dream about Peter Schiff.
She has a new attitude toward the conflicts in the house — she feels that all the conflicts "might have taken a different turn if we'd remained open…instead of seeing the worst side. Anne's insights into herself and her relationship to others grow more sophisticated and nuanced by the day.
She realizes that all people — not just her — contain inner and outer selves. She reflects on how she only shows her outer self in public, and wonders if she'll ever share her inner self with someone. Her insights into conflicts in the Annex reveal her growing maturity and generosity. Active Themes January 24th. Anne is surprised when she has a frank conversation about sex with Peter after supper — Peter tells her that Mouschi is a tomcat, and this leads to a discussion of male and female genitalia.
Anne is glad to learn that she can talk to a young person of the opposite sex in a normal way about sexual matters. Anne and Peter realize that they can talk to each other about things they never thought they could discuss with another person. It shows that they're both becoming more mature. Active Themes January 28th. A propos of Jan and Mr. Kleiman's stories about the many resistance groups that have been popping up lately, Anne reflects on how selfless and generous Bep, Miep, Jan, Mr.
Kugler have been in assisting her family. Anne's reflection on their generosity offers further evidence of her growing maturity — she is learning to be grateful for the people in her life in a way that she hadn't when she was younger. Active Themes January 30th. Anne goes downstairs in the dark and stares up at the sky.
- Navigation menu
- Cookies on the BBC website
- The Diary of Anne Frank
Seeing the German planes, she realizes that she's utterly alone — she doesn't feel afraid, however, given that she suddenly feels strong faith in God. She reflects that she has a strong desire to be alone. This is the first time Anne connects gazing up at the sky with her connection to God. This is also the first time Anne has connected her feeling of isolation with a feeling of strength.
Active Themes February 3rd. Rumors are flying about a potential Allied invasion of Holland. There's speculation that the Germans might destroy the dams and flood the Netherlands, and the Annex dwellers joke about what they might do to survive such a thing.
Anne doesn't pay any heed to their speculations. Anne's jaded attitude toward the Allied invasion can be seen as part of being a teenager and as part of the effect confinement has had on her psyche. Active Themes February 12th. The sun is out, and Anne is full of longing for something she can't quite articulate. I feel spring awakening, I feel it in my entire body and soul. I have to force myself to act normally. Anne reveals that her longing is at least partially resolved.
Following a small argument with Mr. Dussel, Peter takes Anne aside and confides in her that in the past he used to fly into rages. Peter admits that he admires how Anne handles confrontations. Anne is pleased to finally feel some of the fellowship with him—with anybody—that she used to experience with her girlfriends.
Interestingly, it's only now that Anne feels she has truly connected with Peter — their earlier conversation about sex evidently didn't alleviate her feelings of isolation. It's clear that Anne seeks an emotional connection, and she feels she's found a way to experience this with Peter. Active Themes February 16th. On Margot's birthday, Anne takes it upon herself to fetch the potatoes from the attic. Anne runs into Peter on her way to get the potatoes his room just so happens to be en route to the attic and he gives her a look that causes Anne to feel like she's glowing inside.
Anne seems to be in denial about wanting to see and spend time with Peter, even though she's clearly going out of her way to run into him. She also seems to be in denial about how she feels about him — in this scene, there's clearly a romantic connection. Frank then sends Anne up for more potatoes. On this second trip Peter and Anne end up talking to each other. Peter mentions that he's thinking about converting to Christianity after the war, given that it will make his life easier.
Hannah was able to talk to Anne several times through the barrier and to toss some essentials over it for her. Shortly after Hannah threw the bundle over the fence for Anne, Anne's contingent of prisoners was moved, and Hannah never heard from her again. Hannah and her little sister Gabi were the only members of their family to survive the war, and Hannah was near death from typhus and tuberculosis when the Russians liberated the train in which she and Gabi were being transported, reportedly to Theresienstadt.
After recovering, Hannah emigrated to Israelbecame a nurseand ultimately a grandmother of ten. She was considered the "quiet" one of the trio of "Anne, Hanne and Sanne". She was very intelligent, and according to Anne, very facile with poetry.
Sanne's full first name is variously listed in different sources as both "Susanne" and "Susanna". Only her friends called her "Sanne"; her family used the more Germanic "Susi". Sanne and her parents were sent first to Westerborkthen on 16 November to Auschwitz, where all three were gassed upon arrival. Sanne's sister Barbara Ledermann, who was a friend of Margot's, had, through contacts in the Dutch Undergroundacquired an Aryan ID card becoming "Barbara Waarts" and worked as a courier for the Underground.
Jacqueline van Maarsen born 30 Janor "Jacque", as she was known to everyone, was Anne's "best" friend at the time the Frank family went into hiding. Jacque sincerely liked Anne, but found her at times too demanding in her friendship. Anne, in her diary later, was remorseful for her own attitude toward Jacque, regarding with better understanding Jacque's desire to have other close girlfriends as well - "I just want to apologize and explain things", Anne wrote.
After two and a half months in hiding, Anne composed a farewell letter to Jacque in her diary, vowing her lifelong friendship.
Jacque read this passage much later, after the publication of the diary. Jacque's French-born mother was a Christian, and that, along with several other extenuating circumstances, combined to get the "J" for "Jew" removed from the family's identification cards.
The van Maarsens were thus able to live out the war years in Amsterdam. Jacque later married her childhood sweetheart Ruud Sanders and still lives in Amsterdam, where she is an award-winning bookbinder and has written four books on their notable friendship: Nanette "Nanny" Blitz born 6 Apr was another schoolmate of Anne's.
Nannette, by her own admission, was the girl given the made-up initials "E. While they were not always on the best of terms during school days their personalities were much too similarNanny had been invited to Anne's 13th birthday party, and when they met in Bergen-Belsen, their reunion was enthusiastic.
With prisoners constantly being shifted around in the huge camp, Nanny quickly lost track of Anne. Nannette was the only member of her family to survive the war. While she was recovering from tuberculosis in a hospital immediately after the war, Otto Frank got in touch with her, and she was able to write and give him some information about her encounter with Anne at Belsen.
Ilse Wagner, whom Jacque van Maarsen described as "a sweet and sensible girl", is mentioned several times in the early part of the diary. Ilse's family had a table tennis set, and Anne and Margot frequently went to her house to play. Wagner was the first of Anne's circle of friends to be deported. For all the admiring boys Anne was surrounded with during her school days, she said repeatedly in her diary that the only one she deeply cared about was Peter Schiff, whom she called "Petel".
He was three years older than Anne and they had, according to Anne, been "inseparable" during the summer ofwhen Anne turned Then, Peter changed addresses and a new acquaintance slightly older than Peter convinced him Anne was "just a child".
Anne had several vivid dreams of Peter while in hiding, wrote about them in her diary, and realized herself that she saw Peter van Pels, at least partially, as a surrogate for Peter Schiff.
The main characters
Anne implies in her diary 12 January that Peter Schiff gave her a pendant as a gift, which she cherished from then on. Schiff was also a prisoner at Bergen-Belsen, though he was transported from there to Auschwitz before Anne and Margot arrived at Belsen. It is known for certain that he died in Auschwitz, although the exact date of his death is unclear.
Helmuth "Hello" Silberberg was the boy Anne was closest to at the time her family went into hiding, though they had only known each other about two weeks at that time. Born in Gelsenkirchen, Germanyhis parents sent him to Amsterdam to live with his grandparents, believing, like Otto Frank, that Hitler would respect The Netherlands' neutrality.
Silberberg's grandfather, who disliked the name Helmuth, dubbed him "Hello".
List of people associated with Anne Frank
Hello was 16 and adored Anne, but she wrote in her diary that she was "not in love with Hello, he is just a friend, or as mummy would say, one of my 'beaux'", though Anne also remarked in her diary on how much she enjoyed Hello's company, and she speculated that he might become "a real friend" over time.
By a very convoluted series of events, including several narrow escapes from the Nazis, Hello eventually reunited with his parents in Belgium. Belgium was also an occupied country, however, and he and his family were still "in hiding", though not under circumstances as difficult as the Franks'. The American forces liberated the town where the Silberbergs were hiding on 3 Septemberand Hello was free — tragically on the same day that Anne and her family left on the last transport from Westerbork to Auschwitz.
Hello emigrated to the United States after the war and was later known as Ed Silverberg. He died in at age The Geiringers lived on the opposite side of Merwedeplein, the square where the Franks' apartment was located, and Eva and Anne were almost exactly the same age.
Eva was also a close friend of Sanne Ledermann's, and she knew both Anne and Margot.
BBC - The Diary of Anne Frank - Biographies - Albert Dussel
Eva described herself as an out-and-out tomboyand hence she was in awe of Anne's fashion sense and worldliness, but she was somewhat puzzled by Anne's fascination with boys. But Anne had introduced Eva to Otto Frank when the Geiringers first came to Amsterdam "so you can speak German with someone", as Anne had said, and Eva never forgot Otto's warmth and kindness to her.
Though they were acquainted on a first-name basis, Eva and Anne were not especially close, as they had different groups of friends aside from their mutual close friendship with Sanne Ledermann. Eva's brother Heinz was called up for deportation to labor camp on the same day as Margot Frank, and the Geiringers went into hiding at the same time the Franks did, though the Geiringer family split into two groups to do so - Eva and her mother in one location, and Heinz and his father at another.
Though hiding in two separate locations, all four of the Geiringers were betrayed on the same day, about three months before the Frank family.
Eva survived Auschwitz, and when the Russians liberated Birkenauthe women's sector of the camp, she walked the mile-and-a-half distance to the men's camp to look for her father and brother, finding out much later that they had not survived the prisoner march out of Auschwitz.The Diary of Anne Frank - Bubble Bathtub Scenes
But when she entered the sick barracks of the men's camp, she recognized Otto Frank and had a warm reunion with him. Eva later wrote her autobiography Eva's Story: A Survivor's Tale by the Stepsister of Anne Frank which served as the inspiration for the development of a popular multimedia stage presentation about the Holocaust called And Then They Came for Me.
Eva also co-authored, with Barbara Powers, an autobiography targeted to younger readers and considered a suitable companion book to Anne's diary, titled Promise, in which she describes her family's happy life before going into hiding, and the experiences of living in hiding during the Nazi occupation, of going to the concentration camps, and finally, of going after liberation to the house where Heinz and their father had hidden, to retrieve the paintings Heinz had hidden beneath the floorboards there.
Heinz's paintings have been displayed in exhibitions in the United States and are now a part of a permanent exhibition in Amsterdam's war museum. After the war, Eva eventually built a new life in London with her husband of 60 years, Zvi Schloss, with whom she has three daughters.
She is mentioned in passing in Anne's diary, when Anne writes of dreaming that she and Peter Schiff are looking "at a book of drawings by Mary Bos". Mary and her parents had emigrated to the United States in February When they left, Anne wrote Mary a little poem as a goodbye note. Mary almost forgot about Anne, but after the war, when Anne's diary was published, she recalled her friend Anne from Montessori school.
After the war, Mary wed Bob Schneider. They still live in the United States. Kitty remained a lifelong friend of Mary Bos'; they communicated regularly by letter, even after Mary moved permanently to the United States in [ citation needed ].
Schoolmates at Montessori, Anne and Kitty attended different schools after sixth grade, and hence they had drifted apart somewhat. But shortly before the Franks went into hiding, Kitty visited Anne one day when Anne was in bed with a slight fever.
They chatted the whole afternoon, and Kitty was impressed and pleased that the shrill, blunt, and boy-crazy friend she remembered from Montessori school had begun to mature into a somewhat more introspective and thoughtful girl. This drew them closer together again. In the picture of Anne's 10th birthday referenced above under "Mary Bos", Kitty is the girl in the center with the dark pleated skirt.
Kitty's entire family survived internment at Theresienstadt, and, following her father's profession, Kitty became a dentist after the war.
Lucia "Lucie" van Dijk was a Christian friend from the Montessori school. Lucie's mother was an adamant member of the NSB until the end of the war, but Lucie's disillusioned father left the party in Anne was shocked when the van Dijks became party members, but Otto Frank patiently explained to her that they could still be good people even if they had distasteful politics.
Lucie herself was briefly a rather conflicted and nervous member of the Jeugdstorm Nazi youth groupbut between her father's later abandonment of the party and her grandmother's absolute abhorrence of anything connected with National Socialism, Lucie dropped out of the Jeugdstorm in late She married after the war and has lived her whole life in Amsterdam.
Ietje was the girl with whom Anne breathlessly shared the news concerning one of Anne's maternal uncles, who had been arrested by the Nazis and sent to labor camp he later was released and emigrated to the United States. Being Christian, Ietje's family was able to live out the war in Amsterdam.
Ietje became a teacher in later years and today lives in Amstelveenoutside of Amsterdam. Very little is known about either girl. Martha, on the far right in the photograph, survived the war. Martha was Anne's Montessori schoolmate and is seen in another picture with Anne taken during Anne's last term at Montessori.
Hansi was an exception among those who knew Anne - she was rather indifferent about Anne and idolized Anne's sister Margot instead. But Anne, Hansi, and Hansi's two sisters performed in a holiday play about a vain princess who is punished with a long nose for her vanity, until she sees the error of her ways.
List of people associated with Anne Frank - Wikipedia
Anne played the princess; Hansi noted that she played the role to perfection and had "natural charisma". Most people felt that Margot was the more beautiful of the Frank sisters, but Hansi observed that Anne, in her opinion, was prettier than Margot because "she [Anne] was always smiling". Aside from those anecdotes, however, Hansi thought of Anne primarily as a noisy chatterboxand "a shrimp", and she was surprised and impressed with Anne's inner depth upon reading the diary much later.