Duncan James addresses Strictly's Lee Ryan and Nadiya Bychkova's relationship
Despite Lee telling his housemates he sleeps with his Blue bandmate "all the time" on Monday night's show, Duncan James says he's doing it. Presiding Archbishop and General Overseer of the Christian Action Faith Ministries (CAFM), Accra, Ghana; Nicholas Duncan Williams, 61, has. Duncan James opens up about his relationship with Blue bandmate and Celebrity Big Brother star Lee Ryan.
This is cinq a sept. This can be one-time sex or a long-term relationship, and if a husband or wife is frequently late getting home from the office, or if the wife is regularly absent from the house between 5 and 7, you can be sure that the other spouse will have his or her suspicions. I wrote in my book, How the French Invented Love, about a wife who negotiated with her husband that she be out of the house from 4 to 7, with no questions asked.
Your book includes the story of Abelard, a Catholic monk and scholar, who literally lost his manhood because of impregnating Heloise, a year-old girl, who was half his age and the niece of a powerful church bishop. Your last chapter deals with Dominique Strauss-Kahn, who allegedly raped a hotel maid. As a result he lost his prestigious job and the opportunity to be the president of France. Why do these prominent and powerful men risk all for erotic love?
Or is it just for good sex?
Love, Fidelity and Sex: French Style
Do the French distinguish between the two? The French do distinguish between sex and love.
The former is exclusively physical; whereas the latter can also be sensual and erotic, but must involve the "heart," which stands for the tender emotions one feels for the beloved. Just what Strauss-Kahn felt for his former wife, Anne Sinclair, is unknown, but he does seem to have been driven less by his heart than by another body part.
She seems to have loved and supported him for a very long time -- over 20 years -- and put up with his extramarital affairs, but in the end, she had had enough and left him. But all of these high-testosterone men have major problems remaining monogamous.
You've discussed how many French women, unlike most American women, will tolerate her husband's mistress or affairs. A French woman said, "It is better to eat dirt with someone you love, than to eat chocolate cake alone.
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The French attitude toward marital infidelity has been colored by a very long history reaching back into the Middle Ages, when marriage was not an affair of the heart, but a matter of family alliances and property. Father-headed households fared slightly better. Also important, the s saw a continuation in the structure of income distribution established in the s, which strongly benefited the upper classes. Race and gender continued to influence the economic circumstances of individuals and families during the past decade.
Moreover, racial and ethnic minorities have not seen gains to the same degree as women. African American family income, for instance, was The statistics for families with children under 18 living in poverty are similarly dismal. All racial groups for which there are complete data showed increases in the poverty rate from Bythis had grown to 9. For the first decade of this century, then, it appears that almost all families have suffered economically, but ethnic minority families have suffered the most.
Measurement of SES or Social Class As noted, the economic decline during the last decade has placed significant pressures on many families in terms of financial distress, reduced employment opportunities, and fewer resources to help family members pursue their educational goals. As we discuss in this section, these dimensions of economic, occupational, and educational experience represent important markers of social class or socioeconomic status.
In this report, we use the term social class interchangeably with socioeconomic status SES as is typically done in quantitative analyses of class effects e. Most contemporary investigators agree that three quantitative indicators provide reasonably good coverage of the domains of interest: Thus, income, education, and occupational status are sometimes used together as indicators of SES and families, and Thus, income, education, and occupational status are sometimes used together as indicators of SES and also as separate variables in data analyses so that investigators can evaluate their unique, additive contributions to family characteristics and human development.
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In some cases, earlier education can even be used as a predictor of later income and work success. Underlying Assumptions in Studies of SES and Family Life An a priori assumption of most research on SES, family functioning, and human development is that social position influences families across time, and that socioeconomic disadvantage has negative consequences for adults and children e.
This underlying tenet represents an instance of the social causation perspective which assumes that social conditions lead to variations in health and well-being. Other theoretical models assume that the relationship between SES and family processes is explained by individual differences in the personal characteristics of family members that affect both their SES and their family relationships.
This view represents the social selection perspective which assumes that the traits and dispositions of individuals influence both their social circumstances and their future emotions and behaviors e. Theories based on the social selection perspective have been offered as a serious challenge to the presumption that social disadvantage has a causal influence on families and children, and we consider these theoretical arguments in this review.
It is important to note that neither the social causation nor the social selection views are theories in their own right; rather, they represent underlying principles upon which specific theories are based. After reviewing the research evidence generated from theoretical arguments related to both of these perspectives, we conclude that the causal dynamics between SES and family relationships may be more complicated than previously imagined and that new types of theory and research will be required to fully understand these complexities.
SES as a Predictor of the Quality and Stability of Romantic Relationships In this section we consider theoretical perspectives and empirical findings related to the social causation view that social class or SES should affect romantic relationships.
Studies of marriage and other adult romantic relationships typically focus on two primary outcomes: Past research has shown that marital quality or satisfaction is one of the primary predictors of relationship stability or instability e. SES and Couple Relationships Research evidence from to clearly supports the idea that higher SES both reduces the risk of separation and divorce and also increases the level of satisfaction and happiness in romantic unions cf.
For example, research reports during the past 10 years have shown that higher levels of educational attainment are associated with greater marital stability e.
Similarly, a number of reports have shown that greater income and financial resources are positively associated with marital stability e. In addition, a number of reports have shown that low income, financial instability, or economic problems are associated with lower levels of marital quality e.
These studies have often used measures more indicative of economic pressure or financial strain than income level, however. In that sense they are open to concerns raised by White and Rogers about the use of subjective measures of economic status. Worth noting, though, is the report by Amato and his colleagues who found that income was directly related to marital quality as well as indirectly through economic pressure.
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Especially important for present purposes, Amato et al. These investigators reported on two broad surveys conducted with couples, one in and the other in As part of their analyses, they created a typology of couples based on their social class standing. The types of relationships included couples described as: In their analyses, they demonstrated that the dimensions of marriage discussed earlier conformed in expected ways with SES. In terms of reported divorce proneness, for example, the two most disadvantaged groups reported the greatest marital instability whereas the most prosperous couples reported the lowest probability of risk for divorce.
The upper middle class couples also reported the lowest levels of marital conflict and relationship problems. In addition, the most prosperous group reported the greatest marital happiness and the two most disadvantaged groups reported the lowest levels of happiness with their unions. These findings capture very well the basic message from related research during the past decade.
On average, higher economic, educational and occupational status is associated with greater marital stability and quality.
An important question, however, is whether these same types of predictions hold for unmarried, cohabiting couples. Unfortunately, little research during the past decade has focused on the relationship between SES and the quality or stability of cohabiting unions.