Zeus and Hera Compare/Contrast Essay
There are many up's and down's in a marriage. For example, Zeus and Hera their relationship was very complicated in mythology. They had many differences. Hera is the goddess of women, marriage, family, and childbirth in ancient Greek religion and . Hera, ashamed of being exploited, agreed to marriage with Zeus. . permitted Zeus to change Io back into her human form, under the condition. Zeus, the king of the gods of Mount Olympus, had many relationships but it was his sister, Hera, whom he wanted to rule by his side as his wife.
But pushing Hera into the shadow can cause a woman to feel emptiness, or incompleteness. Such a woman should consciously bring Hera's rituals into her life, in ways that don't betray her ideals. Other Personality Type Systems Hera is represented in astrology by Libra balancing two people or forces and the 7th House of Marriage and open enemies. Hera is Enneagram personality type 3, the Status-Seeker.
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Sex To Hera women, sex is part of marriage. Meeting To meet Hera women, make lots of money. Then join a country club, go to art museum benefits, and other society events. A couple that successfully uses this energy increases their social status.
A Heavenly Marriage – Hera and Zeus Story | Greek Data
Zeus Zeus men see women as either marriageable-beautiful daughters of wealthy, prominent families-or women for sex. They use marriage in their rise to power, e. Once in power, they go for the beautiful young nymphs. Hera Hera women subscribe to wedding magazines. A Hera woman's wedding is the most important day of her life. As he grows older, Herakles is driven mad by Hera, which ultimately leads to the deaths of his wife and his two children.
However, he, himself, survives Slater, In the Iliad, Hera sends storms across the sea where Herakles is sailing, tossing mammoth currents and wild winds, but Zeus, who brings him back unharmed to Argos, saves him Butler, In another series of tales, Zeus courts Semele, another mortal woman, which leads to the birth of Dionysus. One difference between Herakles and Dionysus is how they were born.
Herakles is born to a mortal woman, Alcmena, whereas Dionysus is born from a god, Zeus. Semele, after being tricked by Hera, asks to see Zeus in all his lightning glory. Zeus, having promised and now unable to deny any request she makes, agrees.
Due to Zeus' immense power and light that no mortal is able to withstand, Semele dies instantly but only after Zeus is able to safely seize and sew the six-month-old baby into his thigh. Once Dionysus is born, he is sent off and raised by nymphs and disguised as a female to protect him from Hera.
Representing the subconscious fear of feminine superiority, transvestism offered a way for men to further prove that they could act in feminine roles just as well as real women. This act of cross-dressing could be interpreted as the replacement of women. Because Zeus proves his reproductive superiority to Hera and that he is a better protective parent than Hera, the transvestism further supports the concept of male superiority.
Male characters are able to play the roles of both birth-giving mother and protective father. This implies that women are replaceable. Hera helps those who help her or promote her impressive and powerful reputation.
This is best expressed by Slater, who states, "once they [worshippers] had accomplished her purposes she seemed to have no further use for them" Slater, The main reason Hera helps Achilles is because of her own personal opposition to Paris of Troy. After tossing the apple of discord, Eris, the goddess of discord, claims that it belongs to only the fairest goddess.
Zeus, not wanting to be responsible for any trouble or subject to vengeance, appoints Paris to judge the issue. Hera bribes Paris with power. Athena bribes Paris with wisdom. Aphrodite bribes Paris with the most beautiful woman. As petty as it may seem, Hera is known to be very easily offended, and her offenders usually suffer broad consequences, like Paris of Troy.
Zeus does not, and Hera helps Achilles instead, on the grounds that she wants to see Troy destroyed by Achilles. In this way, women are viewed as demonic and evil to such an extreme that men cannot possibly match their wickedness. Because Zeus, an all-powerful god, is not as well known for his wickedness as Hera, this point further demonstrates the misogynist scrutiny of women: In response, Hera says, "Verily, three are the ones far dearest to me of all cities: Argos and Sparta and wide-wayed Mycenae -- three cities Achaean.
These thou mayest lay waste, whensoe'er thy heart finds them hateful. Them will I never protect; unto thee will I never refuse them" Smith and Miller, Hera directly offers her favorite cities for Zeus to destroy, as if she is sacrificing these cities to Zeus.
She seems to be indifferent and unattached to her favorite cities, whereas Zeus appears to have sincere compassion for his favorite city. She also adds that if he has some resentment towards them, then she will not stand in the way of protecting them for something that they may deserve. There may be two different interpretations of her retort: The former view, however, seems to match her personality more appropriately than the latter, which may be supported as well by her mistreatment of her son, Hephaestus.
In classical mythology and literature, Hera, it seems, rarely plays the role of a sympathetic, caring, and mothering figure. In the few myths where she does fulfill the role of good mother, these characteristics are hardly emphasized enough to make a significant change her general depiction of a goddess with a malevolent personality. One would assume that Hera as the goddess of marriage and queen of the heavens would be a caring and nurturing character, when in fact she is depicted as monstrous and almost grotesque.Zeus Family Tree
The few moments when she does display a sort of motherly affection or adoration, there is some mischievous and insidious motive for her acting in such a manner: In Ovid 's interpolation, when Hera learned of Argus' death, she took his eyes and placed them in the plumage of the peacockher favorite animal, accounting for the eye pattern in its tail and making it the vainest of all animals.
Eventually Io made it to Egyptthe Egyptians worshiped the snow-white heifer and named her the Egyptian goddess Isis. Hera permitted Zeus to change Io back into her human form, under the condition that he never look at her again.
Io, the goddess-queen of Egypt, then bore Zeus' son as the next King. Judgement of Paris This is one of the many works depicting the event. Hera is the goddess in the center, wearing the crown.
She was annoyed at this, so she threw from the door a gift of her own: The goddesses quarreled bitterly over it, and none of the other gods would venture an opinion favoring one, for fear of earning the enmity of the other two. They chose to place the matter before Zeus, who, not wanting to favor one of the goddesses, put the choice into the hands of Parisa Trojan prince.
After bathing in the spring of Mount Ida where Troy was situated, they appeared before Paris to have him choose. The goddesses undressed before him, either at his request or for the sake of winning. Still, Paris could not decide, as all three were ideally beautiful, so they resorted to bribes.
Hera offered Paris political power and control of all of Asiawhile Athena offered wisdom, fame, and glory in battle, and Aphrodite offered the most beautiful mortal woman in the world as a wife, and he accordingly chose her.
The other two goddesses were enraged by this and through Helen's abduction by Paris they brought about the Trojan War. The Iliad[ edit ] Hera plays a substantial role in The Iliadappearing in a number of books throughout the epic poem. In accordance with ancient Greek mythology, Hera's hatred towards the Trojanswhich was started by Paris' decision that Aphrodite was the most beautiful goddess, is seen as through her support of the Greeks during the war.
Throughout the epic Hera makes many attempts to thwart the Trojan army. In books 1 and 2, Hera declares that the Trojans must be destroyed. Hera persuades Athena to aid the Achaeans in battle and she agrees to assist with interfering on their behalf.
Diomedes called for his soldiers to fall back slowly. Hera, Ares' mother, saw Ares' interference and asked ZeusAres' father, for permission to drive Ares away from the battlefield.
Hera encouraged Diomedes to attack Ares and he threw his spear at the god. Athena drove the spear into Ares' body, and he bellowed in pain and fled to Mt. Olympusforcing the Trojans to fall back. In book 8, Hera tries to persuade Poseidon to disobey Zeus and help the Achaean army. Determined to intervene in the war, Hera and Athena head to the battlefield. However, seeing the two flee, Zeus sent Iris to intercept them and make them return to Mt.
Olympus or face grave consequences.
Relationships/Zeus-Hera - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
After prolonged fighting, Hera sees Poseidon aiding the Greeks and giving them motivation to keep fighting. In book 14 Hera devises a plan to deceive Zeus. Zeus set a decree that the gods were not allowed to interfere in the mortal war. Hera is on the side of the Achaeans, so she plans a Deception of Zeus where she seduces him, with help from Aphrodite, and tricks him into a deep sleep, with the help of Hypnosso that the Gods could interfere without the fear of Zeus.
Hephaestus sets the battlefield ablaze, causing the river to plead with Hera, promising her he will not help the Trojans if Hephaestus stops his attack. Hephaestus stops his assault and Hera returns to the battlefield where the gods begin to fight amongst themselves. When Hera discovered the deception, she cursed Echo to only repeat the words of others hence our modern word " echo ". Semele and Dionysus When Hera learned that Semeledaughter of Cadmus King of Thebeswas pregnant by Zeus, she disguised herself as Semele's nurse and persuaded the princess to insist that Zeus show himself to her in his true form.
When he was compelled to do so, having sworn by Styx  his thunder and lightning destroyed Semele. Zeus took Semele's unborn child, Dionysus and completed its gestation sewn into his own thigh. In another version, Dionysus was originally the son of Zeus by either Demeter or Persephone.