SINGAPORE’S RELATIONS WITH MALAYSIA | Facts and Details
NDR Singapore's relations with Malaysia and Indonesia to encourage Singapore companies to invest more in Indonesia,” said Mr Lee. 3 SINGAPORE–MALAYSIA WATER RELATIONS AS VIEWED BY THE MEDIA .. Characterized by numerous brands, but owned by a few companies, media. Bilateral ties between Singapore and Malaysia have improved in recent years. , many Singaporean companies were hesitant to commit to the region.
Even so, throughout the whole duration of reclamation works, additional measures are put in place to protect the environment. Two recent reclamation projects by Singapore are at Tuas and Pulau Tekong. Vast quantities of monitoring data collected by Singapore have confirmed that neither project has had any major impact on the environment.
Plans for the Tekong reclamation project were made publicly available sinceand for the Tuas project, since These reclamation activities have also taken place in full view of neighbouring countries.
Till Janno country raised any objections to these reclamation works. In JanuaryMalaysia objected to Singapore's reclamation activities on the grounds that they had hurt its interests. In response, Singapore asked Malaysia several times to provide information on its concerns, but Malaysia did not provide any details for more than a year, despite having made 15 K.
Subsequently, Malaysia embarked on two legal tracks to stop Singapore's land reclamation works. First, on 4 JulyMalaysia served notice to Singapore that it wanted arbitration to decide whether Singapore has the right to reclaim the land off Tuas and Pulau Tekong. This arbitration tribunal, comprising five members agreed on by both sides, was formed on 9 Oct Then, on 5 SeptemberMalaysia applied separately to the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea ITLOS for an order on provisional measures, seeking to put an immediate stop to Singapore's reclamation works pending the setting up of the arbitration panel.
The hearing took place between 25 and 27 Sep 03 in Hamburg, Germany. In AprilSingapore and Malaysia formally ended the reclamation dispute by signing a settlement agreement, on the basis of findings by a group of independent experts that Singapore's reclamation caused no major impact to the environment.
Malaysia agreed to drop its legal suit against Singapore, while Singapore agreed to take some steps to minimise the environmental impact. Diplomats and politicians from both sides of the Causeway have hailed the resolution of a land reclamation dispute as a historic agreement, a win-win solution for Singapore and Malaysia. It is a model of how future disputes between the neighbours can be settled through arbitration and dialogue, such as the dispute over Pedra Branca.
But, this action has caused this dissatisfaction of Singaporean. Yet, political will and pragmatism on both sides do enable agreements to be made that circumvent so-called sovereignty-sensitive issues.
Malaysia is baffled by the discrepancy in the management of the withdrawal of the CPF savings for employees 16 Kyodo News.
Singapore and Malaysia resolve land reclamation dispute. Singapore pointed out that Malaysia workers were aware of this ruling upon accepting employment in Singapore prior to 1st August The withdrawal condition was not a form of discrimination as Singaporean workers can only withdraw their CPF at the age 55 whereas, Peninsular Malaysian workers can do so at 50, which is more liberal.
Lying just to the east of Singapore, the Malaysian port is in direct competition to Singapore and has poached some of its leading patrons. Yet, Malaysia has long suspected Singapore of engaging in unfair competition.
Since then, Singapore has consistently refused to continue negotiation on the project arguing that a host of bilateral problems needs to be addressed first. The Malaysian government has decided to go ahead with the construction of the bridge. In SeptemberMalaysia first announced its intention to replace its half of the Causeway with a new bridge. On 25 OctoberSingapore sent a diplomatic note to remind Malaysia that its decision to demolish its side of the Causeway should be consistent with international law and with the principles set out in a recent ruling by an international court on issues relating to the environment in the Johor Straits.
On 2 FebruaryMalaysia said it would present Singapore with a new design for the proposed bridge to replace the Causeway, as Malaysia was still "very interested" in building the new bridge. In SeptemberMalaysian Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi announced that Malaysia would defer the half-bridge project as part of its effort to pare down its huge fiscal deficit by deferring big- ticket projects.
In AprilAbdullah Badawi announced that Malaysia would drop the half-bridge project altogether. Singapore and Malaysia have always shared strong economic and people-to-people linkages. From Singapore's standpoint, the relationship should be based on mutual respect, mutual benefit, and adherence to international law and agreements. Singapore will continue to seek new areas of cooperation to strengthen bilateral relations with Malaysia even further.
From my point of view, both Malaysia and Singapore know the importance of their relationship towards the development of their respective countries. We can not deny that we are interdependent in terms of economic, security and social aspects. For example, in term of economic aspect, most Malaysians know Singapore is one of the biggest investors in Malaysia and vice versa.
The intensity of cooperations in various areas has been made possible by the warming of the relationship between the two countries in recent years. Official visits by heads of government, ministers, senior officials and etcetera must be intensified from time to time. Under the current leadership of both countries, many efforts have been taken to overcome these problems, for example, regular meetings that incorporate informal social activities such as annual golf and sports meetings between cabinet members of both countries, and the holding of joint cultural and religious festivals that involve the leaders from both sides of the causeway e.
Also, the number increase of visits between two countries at ministerial, senior officials and technical levels. Thus, it creates the necessary goodwill and positive atmosphere conducive to resolving issues and problems.
Recently, the visit of Singaporean political leaders to Langkawi to meet their counterparts of Malaysia is a right time and very important event for both countries.
The current infomal meetings and talks of the leadership of both countries for example is one approach for both countries to design a pathway to resume talks on bilateral issues. Although, we am sceptical that the recent informal meetings would achieve some tangible solutions on outstanding bilateral issues between the two neighbours, the existing meetings show us that both countries are now more open towards each other.
Both leaders currently express their desire to improve bilateral relations of both countries and seem to have adopted a positive attitude towards each other. Secondly, both countries must develop people-to people contacts. We should encourage more visits, more tourist arrival from Singapore and Malaysia and vice versa and also explore ways to develop these contacts.
Thereby, they will create the necessary goodwill and tolerance among their peoples. In promoting greater P-P contacts, both countries introduced the student exchange programs and the joint overseas youth exchange program and etcetera. These programs were for important for the new generations to know each others and they help to enhance understanding among the younger generation in the two countries.
Mass media is an important instrument to flow information to the peoples. Mass media from both countries must be professional in flowing information about their people life and no to be emotional in flowing information of their sensitive issues.
The information will help people on both sides to keep up with developments in the two countries and foster better understanding and bilateral ties. Regional tolerance of multiracialism, for example, might be reduced if an Islamic revival in Malaysia led to the establishment of an Islamic state and the status of Malaysia's Chinese population were subsequently endangered.
Singapore cooperated with both Malaysia and Indonesia in maintaining the security of the Malacca and Singapore straits. Another link with Malaysia was the Inter-Governmental Committee IGCa forum established in for the informal discussion of bilateral issues by delegations headed by each country's minister for foreign affairs. It was a stunning rebuff to the relatively young Lee, who just two years before had led the island into Malaysia in the teeth of opposition at home.
But Lee and Singapore rose to the challenge of independence. The rest of Malaysia did, too. It has prospered and has remained intact, confounding skeptics who viewed mostly non-Muslim Sabah and Sarawak as unnatural additions to the Federation.
Golden era for Malaysia-Singapore ties | Asia Times
So, what seemed to many a disaster, a new source of instability in a Southeast Asia still beset with Communist insurgencies and Cold War divisions, has so far had a reasonably happy result.
Malaysia and Singapore remain joined at the hip by geography and history, but their different evolutions over those 40 years are crucial to the survival of a working relationship. A few random observations may shed some light on these issues. The Malays of Malaysia should be a lot less defensive now than they were in The non-Malay percentage of its population, once more than 40 percent, has been declining because of the much higher Malay birth rate.
Malaysia's overall population is growing faster than Singapore, which has one of lowest fertility rates in the world. Malaysia's economic growth may have been slower than Singapore's, but Malays now have a significant role in an economy once controlled by Chinese and foreigners. Religious practices imported from Arabia and Iran, such as ubiquitous head scarves for women and enforcement of dietary and other social rules, have changed the face of Malaysia.
Malaysia-Singapore economic relationship is good: Minister Darell Leiking
The more sensual, fun-loving ways and artistic traditions that date from Malaysia's pre-Islamic past are increasingly hidden, in contrast to Indonesia's more relaxed, plural society. Singapore's secular puritanism, for its part, grates against the rigid Islamist aspects of Malaysia.
Although ties are still numerous, non-Malay Malaysians have also drifted somewhat from their Singapore counterparts. For 20 years, Chinese in Singapore have been encouraged to speak Mandarin. In Malaysia, Hokkien and Cantonese are still the norm. The institutionalized discrimination introduced in Malaysia after has no overt equivalent in Singapore. Yet many ethnic Chinese businessmen find it easier to make money in Malaysia, even after paying for Malay participation, than in a Singapore economy dominated by politically protected government corporations and by foreign multinationals that are often offered tax concessions.
The traditional entrepreneurial talents of overseas Chinese may find more space in Malaysia than in Singapore, where diplomas and formal skills are the key to advancement. Singapore, with its huge compulsory savings program, has sacrificed economic freedom on the altar of investment-led growth driven by state-controlled enterprises. In both cases they have ended up, via different routes, with stock markets that are dominated by huge government-linked companies. Malaysia has borrowed many ideas from Singapore and in doing so has raised its own levels of competitiveness, for example in attracting multinationals and competing for port and aviation business.
At the same time, Singapore has been forced to realize that its prosperity depends on its neighbors' success at least as much as its ability to be a player in global finance or electronics. Malaysia supplies Singapore with half of its water. Once when Malaysia raised the topic of increasing water rates, its leader Mahathir dared Singapore to try stop buying water from Malaysia and survive on processed seawater, According to an agreement in effect until Malaysia was obligated to supply Singapore with water unless the two countries went to war.
Tensions between Singapore and Malaysia ebb and flow. In the late s, Malaysians viewed generous interest rates on bank accounts by Singapore banks as a ploy to undermine the Malaysian economy. Malaysia has banned Singapore military planes from flying over Malaysian air space.
Most of all, it has become the region's richest nation and is highly confident, even self-righteous at times. No specific figures were given for the size of Singaporean investments, but IRDA noted that Singapore has maintained its position as the largest foreign investor in the region since December last year. For a long time after the IM zone was launched in Novembermany Singaporean companies were hesitant to commit to the region.
This is because they appeared to be waiting for a government-linked company to make a concrete move into the region, which would have indicated that the Singaporean government had given its blessing to invest in the zone.
That signal came in June last year when Temasek and Khazanah announced that they had identified two sites in Iskandar Malaysia to carry out major joint development projects. The floodgates then opened. Investments by Singaporean companies are in sectors such as education, healthcare, manufacturing and property development.
Singaporeans have been steadily purchasing homes in property developments in the IM zone since its launch. Growing numbers of Singaporeans have also decided to live in the region and commute to work in Singapore. They are attracted by the affordability of housing—a semi-detached house can be bought in Iskandar for the price of a three-room government flat in Singapore—as well as the lower cost of living in Singapore dollar terms.
More Singaporeans might see this as a viable option going forward, especially if connectivity between Singapore and Johor improves.