Margaret Mead and Ruth Benedict | University of Massachusetts Press
The views of Franz Boas and some his students (such as Ruth Benedict) argued against that of The field developed more withlater work by Margaret Mead and Ruth Benedict. A second view was that anti-culture-personality relationship. Margaret Mead and Ruth Benedict are considered to be the two most influential and famous. Academic Recognition: Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict and Sexual Secrecy . Homosexuality and heterosexuality have always held differ- ent relations to.
Intertwined Lives: Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, and Their Circle by Lois W. Banner
Banner's research was extensive and impeccable, and she wrote in a way that makes one want to learn about these people. Banner also discusses in some detail the Samoan hoax, and even references Derek Freeman. Whereas he liked to blame Mead for not even researching the lives of Samoans well or their sexual attitudes, Banner points out that during the time Mead was there the islands had been hit by a hurricane; she suggests that in the aftermath there probably wasn't likely going to be a whole lot of banging going on as the Samoans tried to rebuild their lives and homes.
In any case, I felt Banner at least did her homework. Freeman may have also spent time in Samoa and had different experiences than did Mead, but Banner took the time to read diary entries, letters, etc. Banner's biography is of two specific women, but also that of their friends and even their society as American attitudes began to change. That's much more interesting to me than some joker who just wants to challenge someone's previous research.
This book makes me again want to be an anthropologist. And I did learn biographical information about Margaret Mead and Ruth Benedict, and a great deal of historical information about America in the early twentieth century, particularly between the world wars. Unfortunately, the sexual relationship between the two alluded to on the cover is not well supported in the text - the primary supporting source is a poem, Banner's interpretation of which left me scratching my head.
Mead and Benedict's other romantic entanglements, I wanted to like this book. Mead and Benedict's other romantic entanglements, however, are more clearly presented - both queer and straight.
It is also a slow read, quite dense with detail. During the month I was actively reading it, I sometimes refered to it as The Book That's Trying to Kill Me, because its endurance was clearly greater than my own.
Honestly, I probably would have liked it more had I not been woefully misled by cover copy. They are both amazing women and I really appreciated the chance to get to know them better. This book is not gossipy or sensational in the slightest. In Benedict wrote in her journal of her childhood, "Happiness was a world I lived in all by myself, and for precious moments" Mead Benedict wrote in her journals, which Margaret Mead later wrote about, that she had always felt she didn't fit into roles appropriate to her sex and her time; she excelled in school and used reading and writing as an escape from family relationships and duties Mead She received a scholarship to Vassar College in and studied English literature; although she was still solitary while in school.
Benedict graduated in and had already published poetry and prize winning critical essays.
Shortly thereafter she left for Los Angeles where she taught for a year at the Westlake School for Girls. Benedict also worked from in the Orton School for girls in Pasadena. Margaret Mead stated from journals provided to her by Benedict, that throughout these years Benedict wasn't pleased with job positions available for women, she felt she needed more in her life Mead Margaret Caffrey pointed out in her biography of Benedict, that Benedict "had discovered within three years of leaving college, the limited possibilities open to women" Caffrey Benedict wrote in her journals that she had come to think of suburban life as worse than the worst slums, and she felt that living the suburban life was destroying her soul Mead She longed for a child that never came but she knew that having a child would add a color into her marriage with Stanley, but her desperate need was to find herself, she wanted to commit herself to a way of life that had meaning for her and that drew on all her talents.Anthropology documentary:Tales from the Jungle Margaret Mead
Her marriage was far from happy, and Benedict was preoccupied with her own ambitions and her sense of futility Mead Margaret Mead writes, from information found in Benedict's journal that Benedict dealt with her unhappy marriage by writing in her journal. Benedict also wrote poems as an outlet, which she later published under the pseudonym Anne Singleton. Benedict wrote in her journal about her struggles and her maturing sense of what the issues were for the women of her generation who, like herself, were struggling to break the bonds of their traditional identifications.
Academic Recognition: Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict and Sexual Secrecy | Lee Wallace - fabula-fantasia.info
Benedict was interested in the lives of influential women and she devoted much of her writing in this period of her life to her biography, New Women of Three Centuries, on Mary Wollstonecraftwho had endorsed the principles of the French Revolution, Margaret Fullerwho was interested in Italy's fight for independence, and Olive Schreinerwho battled racism in her home country, South Africa BabcockModell Benedict soon discovered that for these three women, war had provided them with a purpose to become part of a greater and "just" cause.
According to Modell, each of them had extended their personal experience of the suppression of women to a battle against the suppression of any group Modell Benedict eventually decided to concentrate her biography on the life and work of Mary Wollstonecraft. Once she completed her draft of the Wollstonecraft essay she sent it and a prospectus for the book, which was now titled Adventures in Womanhood, to Houghton Mifflin; they rejected her essay Babcock Introduction to Anthropology Edit Benedict was introduced to anthropology in while she attended the New School for Social Research.
According to Mead, this was initially an attempt to fill her time intelligently while she waited patiently to have a child. Benedict spent two years listening to lectures given by Alexander Goldenweiser and Elsie Clews Parsons. Caffrey states that Goldenweiser belonged to the generation of anthropologists who came to maturity before World War l, he was excited by ideas about culture but was not intrigued by fieldwork Caffrey During the time Benedict was attending Goldenweiser's lectures, he was working on the first book to be published by an American anthropologist.
His book, Early Civilization, published inpresented cultures briefly as wholes. Goldenweiser's students learned from him what culture was. According to Mead, Benedict found in this new science a substance she could respect, and felt this was a place she could use her talents and also find answers to her most pressing personal questions Mead Boas waved requirements and admitted Benedict as a graduate student.
According to Modell, soon after Benedict arrived at Columbia she began taking classes, teaching seminars, and guiding graduate students who were not far behind her in their careers Modell Benedict often times taught Boas's classes when he had other obligations pressed upon him. Margaret Mead states that Benedict came to the anthropology department at a time when Boas was still interested in diffusion and in having his students make connections between traits and themes throughout different cultures.
In his lectures Boas spent most of his time pointing out the errors of all single explanations of the origins, forms, or changes in human culture Mead He discussed nineteenth century English evolutionists, geographical determinists, the German diffusionist school, the English diffusionist school, theories of religion, and psychological theories Mead Caffrey points out in her biography of Benedict, that Benedict gained insider status among anthropologists with her publication of The Vision in Plains Culture which dealt with the multiplicity of ways the phenomenon of vision had manifested itself in various Indian cultures Caffrey The rare description of her own field work with the Blackfeet appear in the Margaret Mead Archives in the Library of Congress.
Benedict's Involvement in Anthropology Edit By Benedict had finished her dissertation and had turned her attention to her students work and departmental business. From to she was given temporary teaching jobs either at Barnard College or Columbia University. When teaching, Benedict underplayed method and stressed faith and inspiration in students work. She, like Boas stressed the importance of fieldwork; she thought that exposure to strange customs was crucial and illuminating Modell Benedict strongly encouraged students to take trips for fieldwork, and often times assisted in funding these trips.
In Benedict took over Boas's position as president of the American Ethnological Society and she also began editing and expanding the Journal of American Folklore Modell During this time, Benedict also significantly influenced the definition and the shape of the concept of culture through her studies in mythology and religion Caffrey Caffrey points out that much of Benedict's work led back to the role of human life and the dynamics of cultural change Caffrey In Benedict became an assistant professor at Columbia University, and she was honored in when she became one of the first women to be included in the Biographical Directory of American Men of Science.
In Benedict became an associate professor at Columbia.
Margaret Mead and Ruth Benedict
Ralph Linton replaced Boas, and the department changed. Franz Boas died in while Benedict was working in Washington D. By Benedict had published five articles but no full length book. According to Modell, she had a desire to prove herself to Boas and to write something substantial and encompassing Modell