Pakistani governments had, certain aspects of the governance system were off the relationship between media and government, which tend to affect .. of Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, Lahore, 25th January GOVERNMENT PRESS RELATIONS COMMITTEE Mr. Umer Mujib Shami, Vice Chairman, Daily Pakistan Mr. Rehmat Ali Raazi, -, Daily Taqat Lahore. Gave the press a feel of being free, unrestrained and allowing it to perform its duties. - General Zia-ul-Haq declared that 'no restrictions can be.
This East-West Center program is funded by a grant from the U.America Vs Pakistan now a days relationship
Embassy Islamabad Public Affairs Section. The program provides journalists with valuable new perspectives and insights on this critically important relationship, a wealth of contacts and resources for future reporting, and friendships with professional colleagues in the other country upon whom to draw throughout their careers.
Journalists will study each other's cultures as they are immersed in newsrooms in each country. The program will include events and opportunities to experience U. Representatives from the U. Pakistanis will receive four-week internships at U.
Participants on both sides will have opportunities to report on their experiences in each country, which will help to educate their audiences and dispel myths and misconceptions that people carry in each country about residents of the other.
The CEJ serves as a hub for the professional development, training and networking of Pakistani journalists and media professionals from all parts of the country. A partnership with Northwestern University's Medill School of Journalism and the Institute of Business Administration IBA aims to provide targeted, practical trainings for Pakistani journalists in print, broadcast, and digital media.
Courses will be co-instructed by faculty from the Medill School, accomplished newsroom managers, editors and reporters from the United States, and prominent media professionals from Pakistan.
History[ edit ] The first step in introducing media laws in the country was done by the then military ruler and President Ayub Khan who promulgated the Press and Publication Ordinance PPO in The law empowered the authorities to confiscate newspapers, close down news providers, and arrest journalists. Using these laws, Ayub Khan nationalised large parts of the press and took over one of the two largest news agencies.
The other agencies was pushed into severe crisis and had to seek financial support from the government. Pakistani Radio and Televisionwhich was established in was also brought under the strict control of the government.
Media of Pakistan
According to these new amendments, the publisher would be liable and prosecuted if a story was not to the liking of the administration even if it was factual and of national interest. These amendments were used to promote Haq's Islamist leanings and demonstrated the alliance between the military and religions leaders. Censorship during the Zia years was direct, concrete and dictatorial. Newspapers were scrutinised; critical or undesired sections of an article censored.
In the wake of Zia-ul-Haq's sudden death and the return of democracy, the way was paved to abate the draconian media laws through a revision of media legislation called the Revised PPO RPPO. Fromunder General Pervez Musharrafthe Pakistani media faced a decisive development that would lead to a boom in Pakistani electronic media and paved the way to it gaining political clout.
New liberal media laws broke the state's monopoly on the electronic media. TV broadcasting and FM radio licenses were issued to private media outlets.
Press-Government Relationship in Pakistan by Sadiah Khan on Prezi
The military's motivation for liberalising media licensing was based on an assumption that the Pakistani media could be used to strengthen national security and counter any perceived threats from India. What prompted this shift was the military's experience during the two past confrontations with India. One was the Kargil War and the other was the hijacking of the India Airliner by militants.
In both these instances, the Pakistani military was left with no options to reciprocate because its electronic media were inferior to that of the Indian media. Better electronic media capacity was needed in the future and thus the market for electronic media was liberalised. The justification was just as much a desire to counter the Indian media poweras it was a wish to set the media "free" with the rights that electronic media had in liberal, open societies.
The military thought it could still control the media and harness it if it strayed from what the regime believed was in the national interest - and in accordance with its own political agenda. This assessment however proved to be wrong as the media and in particular the new many new TV channels became a powerful force in civil society. The media became an important actor in the process that led to fall of Musharraf and his regime. By providing extensive coverage of the Lawyer's Movement's struggle to get the chief justice reinstated, the media played a significant role in mobilising civil society.
This protest movement, with millions of Pakistanis taking to the streets in the name of having an independent judiciary and democratic rule, left Musharraf with little backing from civil society and the army. Ultimately, he had to call for elections. The different components of the State at multiple levels interact with different media in different contexts, sometimes on a minute-by-minute, hour-to-hour basis or sometimes at a frequency of longer periods.
Despite the exponential expansion of society, the private sector, civil society and the non-partisan, non-political aspects of life, the official State is in almost continuous, perpetual interaction with the media.
Perhaps we can enumerate the number of spheres in which the State and the media relate with each other as being seven. The first of these is the State as sponsor, owner and employer in the media sector.
Whereas newspapers have traditionally been associated with private ownership as distinct from state ownership which also exists in some countriesthe introduction of radio as a mass broadcaster made the State a media proprietor. This set a pattern that was to be retained even after the independence of Pakistan and India in August, Radio Pakistan in our country and Akashvani in India inherited the concept of state ownership and played a pivotal and formative role in articulating the national identities of the two new nation-states.
This linkage shows a notable quality of durability. New, privately-owned FM radio channels in both countries have not ended the continued existence of Radio Pakistan — also known as the Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation PBC onward of — or of Akashvani.
Both also continue to be the recipients of substantial financial subsidies from the public exchequer. This is partly justified by the fact that these state radio networks conduct public service broadcasting on a far larger scale than do privately-owned radio stations. The Legislatures, most often at the federal level, enact the laws by which both public and private media are owned and operated.
The need to project public notices, from legal notices or tender notices, public service announcements or adulatory, self-congratulatory campaigns on new development programmes of a government, on successes achieved in sectors of State activity creates the third relationship with the State as a big, multi-billion advertiser.
Governed by the structure and regulations by which State-related advertising, both at the federal and the provincial levels, is subject to control by ministries and departments, gives the State a powerful financial influence on the media. Often, this power is used by governments to penalise sections of the media that have either been harshly critical of the government of the day or have failed to follow written or unwritten guidelines. But there are also happier exchanges!
Media of Pakistan - Wikipedia
There are also curious anomalies. Rates for government advertising in print media are notably lower than rates charged to private, commercial entities. However, on TV and radio, for unexplained reasons, the reverse is true. There is comfort all around when ambiguity is prolonged by profound silence.