Psychology and economics in historical perspective
the relationship between economics and psychology, focusing also to the to welfare theory with implications for the study of public finance”. “Psychology is evidently at the basis of political economy and, in general, of all fields of economic inquiry (finance, development economics, game theory, etc.) of the complex history of the relationships between economics and psychology. A new report examines the psychology of financial decision making, including the role of risk in making economic choices, how individuals.
This is an evolutionarily adapted way of functioning successfully.
But stories by their very nature create coherence and believability by providing closure and engaging emotions. Emotion and story-telling create a context for financial market instability because stories about fundamentals are always much more straightforward than the underlying economic fundamentals they describe.
And changes in stories are more susceptible to such emotions as doubt and excitement.
The Economics and Psychology of Building Sustainable Finance — Global Economic Symposium
In such situations, many financial market participants unconsciously undergo a decoupling of excitement and anxiety in the face of innovations.
Such stories and associated states of mind create myopic relationships with information and how to process it realistically. Confidence in an uncertain context is always very close to overconfidence.
This leads to stories about potentially immense yields at no perceived risk—and hence to excessive risk-taking. Furthermore, this behavior and the emotional and psychological states in which it is founded imply temporal myopia, heavily weighting short-term gains over long-term losses. Building stable and sustainable finance requires a combination of psychological factors, regulatory constraints and well-balanced economic incentives.
A previous GES session suggested the value of gathering information on psychological biases in financial markets, developing indices of psychological excitement and using this information in the design of monetary policy and financial regulation.
Some have focused on recent history, enhancing the different trends of behavioral economics.
Others have dealt with the nascent of behavioral economics and the early collaboration between economists and psychologists in the s. Still some others have tried to understand how the marginalist school of thought had relied on the experimental psychology of its time—namely psychophysics—and how it had progressively been expelled out of the realm of economics, at least temporarily, with Pareto and Fisher.
However, those contributions have not been coordinated and we are far from having a comprehensive overview of the complex history of the relationships between economics and psychology.
The overall ambition is to understand the way economics has dealt with psychological arguments, methods and concepts throughout history and to highlight the main debates between economists and psychologists that have fostered and are still fostering behavioral economics.
It is hoped that these will pave the way for an overall vision of the history of the relationships between economics and psychology and of the methodological transformations of economics as a discipline.
The Relationship between Psychology and Economics: Insights from the History of Economic Thought
The deadline for submitting is July 30th, Articles shall be submitted at: Psychology in economics before the marginalist revolution Hume, Smith, Condillac, Quesnay, James Mill, John Stuart Mill Psychophysics, psychology and the pre marginalists Gossen, Jevons, Walras, Marshall, Edgeworth, Pareto and Fisher, psychology in the Austrian tradition Psychologists, economists, and the birth and development of experimental psychology Psychology in the institutionalist and Keynesian schools of thought Veblen, Mitchell, J.
How psychologists have been involved in the development of behavioral economics and alternative paradigms to study economic behavior e. Kahneman, Tversky, Slovic, Gigerenzer?