Uncle Tom’s Cabin | Summary, Date, & Significance | fabula-fantasia.info
Uncle Tom's Cabin, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, is a novel about Over the course of five hundred pages, Uncle Tom's Cabin depicts struggles and relationships of its St. Clare buys Tom after Tom saves his majestic little girl, Evangeline or Eva, In the end, he obliges to help Eliza and her child. The Uncle Tom's Cabin characters covered include: Uncle Tom, Aunt Chloe, She uses her influence with her husband to try to help the Shelbys' slaves and is Eva, also referred to in the book as Little Eva (her given name is Evangeline) is After Eva's death, and through her relationship with Topsy, Ophelia realizes her . She's an incredibly beautiful, sweet, naive, virtuous little angel. We first see Eva through the eyes of Uncle Tom, who notices her wandering around the . so much of a Christ figure that we can't help feeling her death foreshadows Tom's.
This character is Cassy, who we meet more than half way through the novel. Cassy is a tough-as-nails slave woman who was bought by the evil, brutal and controlling slave owner known as Simon Legree.
The slaves barely have enough food or water to keep them going and their beds might as well be the floor. Simon is secretly afraid of Cassie. He struggles with understanding why she loathes him as much as she does. Cassy knows she has this effect over him and uses it to her advantage, scaring him with rumors of ghosts.
Cassy is not the only character that strives to survive while being plucked from her family.
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Shelby, has no choice but to sell Tom to pay off the debt he owes to Haley. Tom is very serious about his faith and God. Throughout the book, Tom reads the Bible often, trying to understand the psalms and passages. Slaves were not normally taught how to read by their owners, though some were fortunate enough to have kind owners who did. A kind slave owner named Augustine St. Clare buys Tom after Tom saves his majestic little girl, Evangeline or Eva, from drowning after she falls over the side of the boat they are being transported on.
Tom lives happily with the St. Tom refuses, taking the high road and keeping to his faith. From there, Simon has it in for Tom and beats him down repeatedly until finally Tom dies. Emmeline, like other slaves during the time, faced the stress and heartache of being ripped away from her mother after Simon purchased her. Slaves were not always bought as a family unit and once they were torn from each other, it was unlikely that they would see each other again.
Then we have Augustine St. Minor characters struggle as well, like Lucy, the slave mother onboard the ship that is transporting slaves to be purchased. After her child is sold off and stolen from her, she fights a quick losing battle of depression before jumping off the side of the boat and drowning herself. Struggles by some characters benefit the lives of others, for example, Senator Bird, who voted against slave rights. In the end, he obliges to help Eliza and her child. Another great example of internal struggle comes from within Miss Ophelia, Augustine St.
Although an abolitionist, Miss Ophelia is secretly racist. Augustine presents her with Topsy, a mischievous little slave girl, formerly abused by her past owners. Augustine puts Miss Ophelia in charge of her, testing her on her ability to raise a colored child. Topsy causes Miss Ophelia all sorts of grief and frustration by playing pranks on almost everyone in the St.
Shortly after Eva tells Topsy that she loves her, Eva dies, leaving Topsy in utter dismay. Miss Ophelia takes on a motherly relationship with Topsy soon after, making sure that Topsy legally becomes hers so she will not be sold again.
In regards to relationships, the most obvious one is between Eliza and George Harris. Eliza and George are willing to protect their son with their lives, and repeatedly face danger because of it. Their love for each other never fades in the midst of darkness, and they soon make it to Canada and gain their highly sought after freedom.
Uncle Tom's Cabin Essay - Spencer Williams's DP
Another loving relationship comes from Aunt Chloe and Uncle Tom. Eva forges a friendly and loving relationship with all of the slaves in her household. Eva even says that she wants even more slaves so she can love more people. Eva convinces her dad to purchase Tom because she wants Tom to be happy. Tom loves her in return and presents her with little gifts and reads the Bible with her.
Eva promises Tom that he will get his freedom back. The war was between the people who wanted slavery to stay intact and those who wanted slavery abolished. The two groups were the Union and the Confederacy. The war started in an attempt to make all of the states belong to the Union. The southern states did not like Lincoln being president because they thought he would tamper with their strong views on keeping slavery intact. At the time, slavery was a difficult issue and topic for the people.
Many controversial cases concerning slavery manifested before the Civil War started. One of the earliest was the Dred Scott case that took place on March 6th, Dred Scott saw this as a ticket to freedom seeing as he had lived in Illinois for four years. He claimed that he had become a free person by living in the territory for several years. Unfortunately, no one else seemed to think so. Eva enters the narrative when Uncle Tom is traveling via steamship to New Orleans to be sold, and he rescues the five- or six-year-old girl from drowning.
Eva begs her father to buy Tom, and he becomes the head coachman at the St. He spends most of his time with the angelic Eva. Eva often talks about love and forgiveness, convincing the dour slave girl Topsy that she deserves love. She even touches the heart of her Aunt Ophelia. Eventually Eva falls terminally ill. Before dying, she gives a lock of her hair to each of the slaves, telling them that they must become Christians so that they may see each other in Heaven.
On her deathbed, she convinces her father to free Tom, but because of circumstances the promise never materializes. A similar character, also named Little Eva, later appeared in the children's novel Little Eva: The Flower of the South by Philip J.
Cozans—although this ironically was an anti-Tom novel. He is arguably the novel's main antagonist. His goal is to demoralize Tom and break him of his religious faith; he eventually orders Tom whipped to death out of frustration for his slave's unbreakable belief in God. The novel reveals that, as a young man, he had abandoned his sickly mother for a life at sea and ignored her letter to see her one last time at her deathbed.
He sexually exploits Cassy, who despises him, and later sets his designs on Emmeline. It is unclear if Legree is based on any actual individuals. Reports surfaced after the s that Stowe had in mind a wealthy cotton and sugar plantation owner named Meredith Calhounwho settled on the Red River north of Alexandria, Louisiana. Generally, however, the personal characteristics of Calhoun "highly educated and refined" do not match the uncouthness and brutality of Legree. Calhoun even edited his own newspaper, published in Colfax originally "Calhoun's Landing"which was renamed The National Democrat after Calhoun's death.
However, Calhoun's overseers may have been in line with the hated Legree's methods and motivations. Arthur Shelby — Tom's master in Kentucky. Shelby is characterized as a "kind" slaveowner and a stereotypical Southern gentleman.
Emily Shelby — Arthur Shelby's wife. She is a deeply religious woman who strives to be a kind and moral influence upon her slaves and is appalled when her husband sells his slaves with a slave trader.
As a woman, she has no legal way to stop this, as all property belongs to her husband. Chloe — Tom's wife and mother of his children. Clare — Tom's third owner and father of Eva. Clare is complex, often sarcastic, with a ready wit. After a rocky courtship he marries a woman he grows to hold in contempt, though he is too polite to let it show. Clare recognizes the evil in chattel slavery but is not willing to relinquish the wealth it brings him. After his daughter's death he becomes more sincere in his religious thoughts and starts to read the Bible to Tom.
He plans on finally taking action against slavery by freeing his slaves, but his good intentions ultimately come to nothing. Clare — Wife of Augustine, she is a self-absorbed woman without a hint of compassion for those around her, including her own family. Given to an unending list of apparently imaginary physical maladies, she continually complains about the lack of sympathy she is receiving. She has separated her personal maid, Mammy, from her own two children because they would interfere with her duties.
As Marie drives Mammy to exhaustion, she criticizes her for selfishly seeking to attend her own family. Upon the unexpected death of Augustine, Marie countermands the legal process that would have given Tom his freedom.
George Harris — Eliza's husband. An intelligent and clever half-white slave who is fiercely loyal to his family. When asked if she knows who made her, she professes ignorance of both God and a mother, saying "I s'pect I growed. Don't think nobody never made me.
During the early-to-mid 20th century, several doll manufacturers created Topsy and Topsy-type dolls. The phrase "growed like Topsy" later "grew like Topsy" passed into the English language, originally with the specific meaning of unplanned growth, later sometimes just meaning enormous growth. Clare's pious, hard-working, abolitionist cousin from Vermont. She displays the ambiguities towards African-Americans felt by many Northerners at the time.
She argues against the institution of slavery yet, at least initially, feels repulsed by the slaves as individuals. Prue — A depressed slave who was forced to let her child starve to death.
She takes up drinking in her misery, and is ultimately beaten and killed for it. Quimbo and Sambo — slaves of Simon Legree who act as overseers of the plantation. On orders from Legree, they savagely whip Tom but afterward tearfully repent of their deeds to Tom, who forgives them as he lies dying.
Major themes "The fugitives are safe in a free land. Smyth after they escape to freedom. Uncle Tom's Cabin is dominated by a single theme: Stowe sometimes changed the story's voice so she could give a " homily " on the destructive nature of slavery  such as when a white woman on the steamboat carrying Tom further south states, "The most dreadful part of slavery, to my mind, is its outrages of feelings and affections—the separating of families, for example.
Stowe made it somewhat subtle and in some cases she weaved it into events that would also support the dominant theme. One example of this is when Augustine St. Clare is killed, he attempted to stop a brawl between two inebriated men in a cafe and was stabbed. One other example is the death of the slave woman Prue who was whipped to death for being drunk on a consistent basis; however, her reasons for doing so is due to the loss of her baby.
In the opening of the novel, the fates of Eliza and her son are being discussed between slave owners over wine. Considering that Stowe intended this to be a subtheme, this scene could foreshadow future events that put alcohol in a bad light.
Because Stowe saw motherhood as the "ethical and structural model for all of American life"  and also believed that only women had the moral authority to save  the United States from the demon of slavery, another major theme of Uncle Tom's Cabin is the moral power and sanctity of women.
Through characters like Eliza, who escapes from slavery to save her young son and eventually reunites her entire familyor Eva, who is seen as the "ideal Christian",  Stowe shows how she believed women could save those around them from even the worst injustices. Clare to "look away to Jesus" after the death of St. Clare's beloved daughter Eva. These genres were the most popular novels of Stowe's time and tended to feature female main characters and a writing style which evoked a reader's sympathy and emotion.
Georgiana May, a friend of Stowe's, wrote a letter to the author, saying: I could not leave it any more than I could have left a dying child. Whicher called Uncle Tom's Cabin " Sunday-school fiction", full of "broadly conceived melodrama, humor, and pathos.
The Cultural Work of American Fiction. She also said that the popular domestic novels of the 19th century, including Uncle Tom's Cabin, were remarkable for their "intellectual complexity, ambition, and resourcefulness"; and that Uncle Tom's Cabin offers a "critique of American society far more devastating than any delivered by better-known critics such as Hawthorne and Melville. Writing inlegal scholar Richard Posner described Uncle Tom's Cabin as part of the mediocre list of canonical works that emerges when political criteria are imposed on literature.
As a best-seller, the novel heavily influenced later protest literature. Contemporary and world reaction Stowe responded to criticism by writing A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabindocumenting the veracity of her novel's depiction of slavery. Uncle Tom's Cabin outraged people in the American South. Acclaimed Southern novelist William Gilmore Simms declared the work utterly false,  while others called the novel criminal and slanderous.
For instance, she had never been to a Southern plantation. However, Stowe always said she based the characters of her book on stories she was told by runaway slaves in Cincinnati.
It is reported that "She observed firsthand several incidents which galvanized her to write [the] famous anti-slavery novel. Scenes she observed on the Ohio River, including seeing a husband and wife being sold apart, as well as newspaper and magazine accounts and interviews, contributed material to the emerging plot.
In the book, Stowe discusses each of the major characters in Uncle Tom's Cabin and cites "real life equivalents" to them while also mounting a more "aggressive attack on slavery in the South than the novel itself had. However, while Stowe claimed A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin documented her previously consulted sources, she actually read many of the cited works only after the publication of her novel.
Thus, Stowe put more than slavery on trial; she put the law on trial. This continued an important theme of Uncle Tom's Cabin—that the shadow of law brooded over the institution of slavery and allowed owners to mistreat slaves and then avoid punishment for their mistreatment.
In some cases, as Stowe pointed out, it even prevented kind owners from freeing their slaves. According to Stowe's son, when Abraham Lincoln met her in Lincoln commented, "So this is the little lady who started this great war. The scene—a runaway black slave and child attacked by dogs—was inspired by Uncle Tom's Cabin. Uncle Tom's Cabin also created great interest in the United Kingdom.