Meet Hermes, the messenger of Olympus
They are named after their dwelling place Mount Olympus. Zeus; Poseidon; Hades; Hestia; Hera; Ares; Athena; Apollo; Aphrodite; Hermes; Artemis; Hephaestus. Hermes Father: Zeus Mother: Maia Siblings (All Half): Ares, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Dionysus, Hebe, Hercules, Helen of Troy, Hephaestus, Perseus. Hermes was the son of Zeus and the pleide Maia, daughter of Atlas. He was the messenger of The god's relationships with gods and mortals. God's lovers and .
Gaea encouraged Cronus, the eldest Titan, to take a sickle and castrate his father Uranus. In turn, Zeus, the youngest son of Rhea, overturned his father Cronus.
Greek and Roman Gods
Although Gaea had encouraged the elevation of Zeus to king of the Olympians, she ultimately turned against him. In Greek mythology, the direct off-spring of Gaea become identified as chthonic forces from the earth that become subdued by the Olympians and their followers. This succession myth and the ascendance of Zeus and the Olympian Gods over the chthonic powers of Gaea and her off-spring echoes the introduction of the patriarchal Indo-European sky-gods into the Mediterranean world and the subordination of the Great Goddess.
Scholars examining the remains of Minoan culture have wondered whether it was a matriarchal society. There is no certainty to this conclusion, but for the historical period of Greek culture extending from at least the eighth century B. With the supremacy of Zeus and the other Olympian gods established, Gaea's position is eclipsed. Demeter, the sister of Zeus, incorporates many of the aspects of the Great Goddess, while the different functions of Gaea are divided among goddesses.
Under the Olympian Gods, earth and heaven are split eternally. In myth heroes and gods are created to dominate and subjugate the female and natural forces over and over again in various forms, the most common of them being gigantic snakes and serpent monsters.
The chthonic identity of the Great Goddess becomes associated with powers of darkness, chaos, and death that need to be subdued by the Olympian gods. What had been cyclical with the Great Goddess becomes cut so that instead of being associated with the cycle of life, death, and regeneration, she becomes identified with the negative functions. Metope from the Temple at Selinus c. Pegasus, the winged horse that sprang from the severed neck, is being held by Medusa. Later, the epithet supplanted the original name itself and Hermes took over the roles as god of messengers, travelers, and boundaries, which had originally belonged to Pan, while Pan himself continued to be venerated by his original name in his more rustic aspect as the god of the wild in the relatively isolated mountainous region of Arcadia.
In later myths, after the cult of Pan was reintroduced to Attica, Pan was said to be Hermes's son. Beekes rejects the connection with herma and suggests a Pre-Greek origin.
Detail of the side B of an Attic red-figure belly-amphora, c. Barracco MuseumRome Homer and Hesiod[ edit ] Homer and Hesiod portrayed Hermes as the author of skilled or deceptive acts and also as a benefactor of mortals.Greek Gods Explained In 12 Minutes
In the Iliadhe is called "the bringer of good luck", "guide and guardian", and "excellent in all the tricks". He was a divine ally of the Greeks against the Trojans. However, he did protect Priam when he went to the Greek camp to retrieve the body of his son Hector and accompanied them back to Troy. In the OdysseyHermes helps his great-grand son, the protagonist Odysseusby informing him about the fate of his companions, who were turned into animals by the power of Circe.
Hermes instructed Odysseus to protect himself by chewing a magic herb ; he also told Calypso of Zeus' order to free Odysseus from her island to allow him to continue his journey back home. When Odysseus killed the suitors of his wife, Hermes led their souls to Hades. Hermes was then instructed to take her as wife to Epimetheus. He also said that Hermes had assigned each person his share of intelligence.
After she had rejected him, Hermes sought the help of Zeus to seduce her. Zeus, out of pity, sent his eagle to take away Aphrodite's sandal when she was bathing, and gave it to Hermes. Instead, King Priam will have to approach Achilles and pay him a ransom in order to recover it.
Zeus orders Iris to tell Priam to do this. Then he orders Hermes to guide Priam through the Argive camps and make him invisible or disguise him so that no one will recognize and attack him.
Zeus sending Iris and Hermes to communicate with King Priam When Priam's herald spots Hermes, he's terrified and tells Priam they'll either have to run for their lives in the chariot or beg for mercy. Neither man recognizes Hermes.
Hermes in The Iliad | fabula-fantasia.info
However, Hermes greets Priam and gently gives him the third degree for thinking of risking his neck in the Greek camp all alone. He promises to protect and guide the old man, saying that he reminds him of his own father, Zeus.
Priam asks Hermes who he is and what he knows about Hector, and Hermes pretends he is one of Achilles' men. Priam wants to know if his son's body has been mutilated, and Hermes tells him the corpse is in perfect condition even though it's twelve days old he doesn't specify how. Priam is relieved and accepts Hermes' offer of protection.