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SCRIPT FOR CELEBRATING NATIONAL SPORTS DAY (each Sports Day brings new energy in the hearts and minds of the children. The day she left was the day Mr. Mathur had difficulty getting full attendance. but not in the narrow sense of wanting to only impart knowledge and information so that his students could excel in class and sports. . It defined my working life. at open water. Organising aquatic events, sports competitions. . When defining an event, or a program, one can determine that an organized event is not the same as an pic Games the opening ceremony stands out. The program is.
The 2nd-century-ce traveler Pausanias wrote of races for girls at Olympia, but these events in honour of Hera were of minor importance.
Rome Although chariot races were among the most popular sports spectacles of the Roman and Byzantine eras, as they had been in Greek times, the Romans of the republic and the early empire were quite selectively enthusiastic about Greek athletic contests. Emphasizing physical exercises for military preparedness, an important motive in all ancient civilizations, the Romans preferred boxing, wrestling, and hurling the javelin to running footraces and throwing the discus.
The emperor Augustus instituted the Actian Games in 27 bce to celebrate his victory over Antony and Cleopatra, and several of his successors began similar games, but it was not until the later empire, especially during the reign of Hadrian — cethat many of the Roman elite developed an enthusiasm for Greek athletics.
They were watched by as many asspectators, five times the number that crowded into the Colosseum to enjoy gladiatorial combat. Nevertheless, there is some evidence that the latter contests were actually more popular than the former. Indeed, the munera, which pitted man against man, and the venationeswhich set men against animals, became popular even in the Greek-speaking Eastern Empire, which historians once thought immune from the lust for blood.
The greater frequency of chariot races can be explained in part by the fact that they were relatively inexpensive compared with the enormous costs of gladiatorial combat. Brutal as these combats were, many of the gladiators were free men who volunteered to fight, an obvious sign of intrinsic motivation.
During the reign of Nero 54—68female gladiators were introduced into the arena. The Roman circus and the Byzantine hippodrome continued to provide chariot racing long after Christian protests and heavy economic costs ended the gladiatorial games, probably early in the 5th century. In many ways the chariot races were quite modern.
The charioteers were divided into bureaucratically organized factions e. The gladiatorial games, however, like the Greek games before them, had a powerful religious dimension. The first Roman combats, in bce, were probably derived from Etruscan funeral games in which mortal combat provided companions for the deceased.
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It was the idolatry of the games, even more than their brutality, that horrified Christian protesters. Sports in the Middle Ages The sports of medieval Europe were less well-organized than those of classical antiquity. Fairs and seasonal festivals were occasions for men to lift stones or sacks of grain and for women to run smock races for a smock, not in one.
The favourite sport of the peasantry was folk footballa wild no-holds-barred unbounded game that pitted married men against bachelors or one village against another. The violence of the game, which survived in Britain and in France until the late 19th century, prompted Renaissance humanists, such as Sir Thomas Elyotto condemn it as more likely to maim than to benefit the participants.
The nascent bourgeoisie of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance amused itself with archery matches, some of which were arranged months in advance and staged with considerable fanfare. When town met town in a challenge of skill, the companies of crossbowmen and longbowmen marched behind the symbols of St. Sebastian, and other patrons of the sport. It was not unusual for contests in running, jumping, cudgeling, and wrestling to be offered for the lower classes who attended the match as spectators.
Grand feasts were part of the program, and drunkenness commonly added to the revelry. In Germanic areas a Pritschenkoenig was supposed to simultaneously keep order and entertain the crowd with clever verses. The burghers of medieval towns were welcome to watch the aristocracy at play, but they were not allowed to participate in tournaments or even, in most parts of Europe, to compete in imitative tournaments of their own.
Tournaments were the jealously guarded prerogative of the medieval knight and were, along with hunting and hawkinghis favourite pastime.
He displayed his prowess before lords, ladies, and commoners and profited not only from valuable prizes but also from ransoms exacted from the losers. Between the 12th and the 16th century, the dangerously wild free-for-all of the early tournament evolved into dramatic presentations of courtly life in which elaborate pageantry and allegorical display quite overshadowed the frequently inept jousting.
Some danger remained even amid the display. At one of the last great tournaments, inHenry II of France was mortally wounded by a splintered lance. Pairs of mounted knights jousting simultaneously; woodcut, Courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum; photograph, J.
Even so, they were more active than their contemporaries in Heian Japan during the 8th to 12th centuries. Sports in the Renaissance and modern periods By the time of the Renaissancesports had become entirely secular, but in the minds of the 17th-century Czech educator John Amos Comenius and other humanists, a concern for physical education on what were thought to be classic models overshadowed the competitive aspects of sports.
Indeed, 15th- and 16th-century elites preferred dances to sports and delighted in geometric patterns of movement. Influenced by the ballet, which developed in France during this period, choreographers trained horses to perform graceful movements rather than to win races. Northern Europeans emulated them.
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Humanistically inclined Englishmen and Germans admired the cultivated Florentine game of calcioa form of football that stressed the good looks and elegant attire of the players. Within the world of sports, the emphasis on aestheticsrather than achievement, was never stronger. While the aesthetic element survives in sports such as figure skatingdivingand gymnasticsthe modern emphasis is generally on quantified achievement.
In fact, the transition from Renaissance to modern sports can be seen in a semantic shift; the word measure, which once connoted a sense of balance and proportion, began to refer almost exclusively to numerical measurements. Behind this epochal transition from Renaissance to modern sports lay the scientific developments that sustained the Industrial Revolution.
Technicians sought to perfect equipment. Athletes trained systematically to achieve their physical maximum. New games, such as basketball, volleyballand team handballwere consciously invented to specifications as if they were new products for the market. As early as the late 17th century, quantification became an important aspect of sports, and the cultural basis was created for the concept of the sports record.
The word record, in the sense of an unsurpassed quantified achievement, appeared, first in English and then in other languages, late in the 19th century, but the concept went back nearly years. The development of modern sports having begun in late 17th-century England, it was appropriate that the concept of the sports record also first appeared there. During the Restoration and throughout the 18th century, traditional pastimes such as stick fighting and bullbaitingwhich the Puritans had condemned and driven underground, gave way to organized games such as cricketwhich developed under the leadership of the Marylebone Cricket Club founded Behind these changes lay a new conception of rationalized competition.
Contests that seem odd to the modern mind, such as those in which the physically impaired were matched against children, were replaced by horse races in which fleeter steeds were handicapped, a notion of equality that led eventually to age and weight classes though not to height classes in many modern sports. Although the traditional sport of boxing flourished throughout the 18th century, it was not until that boxer-entrepreneur Jack Broughton formulated rules to rationalize and regulate the sport.
The minimal controls on mayhem imposed by Broughton were strengthened in by the marquess of Queensberry. In the course of the 19th century, modern forms of British sports spread from the privileged classes to the common people.
National organizations developed to standardize rules and regulations, to transform sporadic challenge matches into systematic league competition, to certify eligibility, and to register results. Rowing crewone of the first sports to assume its modern form, began to attract a following after the first boat race between the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge and the inauguration of the Henley Regatta The Amateur Athletic Associationwhich emphasized track-and-field sports, was founded inthe Amateur Rowing Association in Neither sport enjoyed the popularity of association football.
The Rugby Football Union followed in Globalization From the British Isles, modern sports and the amateur rule were diffused throughout the world. Sports that originally began elsewhere, such as tennis which comes from Renaissance Francewere modernized and exported as if they too were raw materials imported for British industry to transform and then export as finished goods. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the British expelled the French from Canada and from India and extended British rule over much of Africa.
Rugby football flourishes in other postcolonial cultures, such as New Zealand and South Africawhere the British once ruled. Cricket and rugby seemed to require British rule in order to take root. Football needed only the presence of British economic and cultural influence. In Buenos Aires, for instance, British residents founded clubs for cricket and a dozen other sports, but it was the Buenos Aires Football Club, founded June 20,that kindled Argentine passions.
In almost every instance, the first to adopt football were the cosmopolitan sons of local elites, many of whom had been sent to British schools by their Anglophile parents. Seeking status as well as diversion, middle-class employees of British firms followed the upper-class lead. From the gamut of games played by the upper and middle classes, the industrial workers of Europe and Latin Americalike the indigenous population of Africa, appropriated football as their own.
By the late 19th century, the United States had begun to rival Great Britain as an industrial power and as an inventor of modern sports. A more plausible date for the transformation of cat and rounders into baseball iswhen a New York bank clerk named Alexander Cartwright formulated the rules of the Knickerbocker Base Ball Club.
Even before the Civil War, the game had been taken over by urban workers such as the volunteer firemen who organized the New York Mutuals in By the time the National League was created inthe game had spread from coast to coast. It was not until the s, however, that Major League Baseball planted its first franchises on the West Coast. Library of Congress, Washington, D.
Basketballinvented in by James Naismithand volleyball, invented four years later by William Morganare both quintessentially modern sports. Both were scientifically designed to fulfill a perceived need for indoor games during harsh New England winters.Sports Day Opening Ceremony
Adopted by American students, rugby evolved into gridiron footballand in that form it became the leading intercollegiate game. Ice hockeyimported from Canada, runs a poor fourth in the race for fans of team sports. In the dramatic global diffusion of modern sports, the French have also played a significant role. They left it to an Englishman, Walter Wingfield, to modernize the game of tenniswhich originated in Renaissance France, but the French took the lead, early in the 19th century, in the development of the bicycle and in the popularization of cycling races.
The first Paris—Rouen race took place in ; the Tour de France was inaugurated in The French also left their mark on sports in another way.
Japan, one of the few non-Western nations where traditional sports still rival modern ones in popularity, is also one of the few non-Western nations to contribute significantly to the repertory of modern sports. In judo became an Olympic sport. Fromwhen the Soviet Union emerged from its self-imposed sports isolation, towhen the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics ceased to exist, the communist societies of eastern Europe dominated the Olympic Games.
He was promptly stumped. Joshi would be pleased to know that I did recover my length, pace and direction at Oxford and was for a brief while in the cricket team. Brief not because I was kicked out but because by then girls had become a more dominant priority than sports. When I reflect on these teachers - I have one thought — teaching was their profession but it was also their mission. They took pride in the achievements of their students. They loved their students.
Contrast that with what we occasionally read in the papers these days. School where Principals have been so harsh in their punishment that students have ended up in hospital.
I have had a career that has straddled the Public and Private Sectors. And on the rare occasion I am able to drag my 15 year old daughter away from her internet, ipod and the cell phone for a serious father-daughter conversation, I try and impress upon her three simple messages distilled from now almost 35 years of professional experience.
I will share these messages with you. I run a large business today. But business did not run in my veins. I come from a family of civil servants. Generations of my family have been in public service.
First before independence for the state of Mewar or Udaipur and then after independence as diplomats and civil administrators. It was a surprise to no one therefore when I too joined the Indian Administrative Service in July That was always assumed to be my destiny. It was however a great shock to everyone when 18 months later I handed in my resignation to the Collector, Jaipur.
I was then the Assistant Collector under training.
They were shocked for many reasons. First I did not have another job. I was in effect giving up a safe, secure and hugely prestigious career for unemployment. Second, I could not provide a satisfactory explanation to anyone for my drastic decision. I had not suffered political interference — I was too junior for that.
I had not come across any instances of corruption and dishonesty — in fact my collector was an extraordinary person and represented in my mind the very qualities that attracted me to the service.
I had enjoyed the few months that I had spent in the field and was convinced that the IAS offered a unique opportunity for people at a young age to get meaningfully engaged with development. And last but hardly the least I had been assigned my home state — Rajasthan and so could look forward to a working life close to family and friends.
Notwithstanding all of this I did resign and I did refuse to buckle under the considerable pressure put on me by family and friends to retract this decision. Why did I do it. Even to this day almost 32 years later I cannot give a cogent answer. All I can say is that I knew in my gut that I had made a mistake; I knew in my instinct that while the IAS offered a fantastic career it did not suit my temperament or aspiration.
Simply put I resigned because I listened to my heart and not my head. The important point is that was and is the best and most important decision that I have ever made. It defined my working life. And I have never regretted it not for a moment. Had I not recognized it as such I would have spent my working life in the wrong profession.
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To find this next step even when the hopes with which one started out have been dashed; to not to panic but to look forward and to retain the conviction that there will always be a second chance — a third chance. There is no universal prescriptions for meeting this challenge but I do believe two factors are critical. These were the reasons I found that next step s. One, education and learning and the second hard work and perseverence.
My mother had always insisted that I should complete my education before settling into a career. Her logic was simple.
The world is changing; it is getting more competitive and whilst there are enormous opportunities to be had these opportunities will only be available to those who have the right skills and capabilities; the knowledge and learning to respond and adapt to the unexpected and the self confidence to take risks.
I did what my mother advised and completed my graduate degrees in Energy and Economics before sitting for the IAS. That degree and the specialized knowledge that I acquired gave me the self confidence that sooner rather than later the furore surrounding my resignation would subside and that I would indeed find the next step. Of course, education and learning can only provide the directions. They cannot guarantee that you will be successful in finding the next step. For that you need hard word, discipline and perseverance.
How many of you know that Thomas Edison tested different materials to select just one tiny part of the light bulb that he invented; that J. Rowlings the author of he Harry Potter books had her manuscript rejected 12 times before someone finally decided to publish it. That Sachin Tendulkar combined 4 — 6 hours of cricket practice with his school work every day.
We all live in the age of instant gratification and a culture of quick fixes we can download a fact; a song, a friend at the click of a button. But what we must not forget is that this does not mean that success will also happen in an instant.
Annual Sports Day Celebrated by classes III to V - Delhi Public School (DPS) Srinagar
No — meaningful success will come if one pushes oneself; if one strives for excellence, if one makes the best of what has been given to us. Luck, talent, knowledge — these are no doubt important. But ultimately there is no substitute for hard work — at least not if you seek enduring and meaningful success. But that does not absolve us from thinking beyond ourselves; it does not mean that we have no responsibility other than to ourselves.