Their research made a practical example of the relation between a often do production work and have close social relationships with involved in workplace safety interventions but significantly affecting. The aim of this research is to study the link between productivity and health and health and safety interventions at workplace can be considered as a key to. As part of this research, a comprehensive literature review on the topic . health and safety practices are good for business and productivity.
Main problems at that time were explosions, fires and Pneumoconiosis. Awareness about the occupational health was not sufficient and the main concern was tuberculosis and parasites. In this period, frequency rating of injuries decreased by half. With this background, the following measures were taken.
The First Occupational Accident Prevention Plan which started in aimed at a 50 percent reduction of occupational injuries and deaths, with the background of significant increase of accident cases, especially in SMEs, and frequent occurrence of explosions and roof-falls.
Neatness, Orderliness, Cleanness, Puritysetting up of in-house safety and health management organization and regulations were conducted. Patrol at workplace and "Near-miss incident reporting system" were estimated to have begun in those days. Frequency rate in this period dropped from It is interesting that these three countries established this sort of law in succession among four years. Some features of Industrial Safety and Health law are; to support voluntary activities of employers regulations for the multi-layered subcontract system control of hazardous material or equipment before they are carried into workplace.
The fact that the concept of "comfortable workplace" has already been introduced from the beginning indicates that this law is very advanced for that time. Productivity of industries increased by 1. Some examples of activities carried out by the government are; guidelines for VDT operation the prevention of back pain guidelines about smoking in the workplace guidelines against traffic accident At the companies side, they introduced 6S, expanded contrivance and proposal system, TPM Total Productive Maintenance or Total Preventive Maintenanceand TQM Total quality Management.
In addition, health education for employees who are supposed to work overseas as a result of the globalization of companies, safety and health management for employees who need special consideration such as aged worker, women, handicapped, and foreigners were promoted. Frequency rate during this period decreased from 3. Conclusion 1 During the period of survey, industrial accidents decreased significantly while productivity increased.
Workplace productivity is essential to the employees, employers, organisation and economy who will all benefit from this. As the more the economy grows the more unemployment will decrease, raising the standard of living for everyone. Therefore, workplace productivity is important to everyone to ensure New Zealand has social and economic growth.
This theory discussed about the training and knowledge level was important to describe between to different person. It has been shown that training increasing moral maturity has positive effects on the behaviour of people in business Francis L.
However, the case of accidental at workplace is increased from day to day, due to lack of intention and concern given to safety performance, safety procedures and improvement of methods to prevent accidents and injuries.
Other than that, researcher believe that supervision to the workers is at optimum, but unfortunately, the workers itself tend to not follow the regulation and procedure, as stated by Wameedh A. Khdair,leads to negligence, carelessness of workers, recklessness of workers and lack of monitoring and controlling.
Safety at Workplace Enhance Productivity
All these factors have influence on safety performance or lead to the weakening safety performance and the high rate of accidents, later convinced by H Sanaei Nasabet al, which mentioned that human aspects is likely contribute to safety failure at workplace due to their unsafe behaviour, negative attitude and incompetence. As technical systems have become more reliable, the focus has turned to human causes of accidents.
A job satisfaction can be done if the people are having positive work experience and can contribute to physical and mental well-being. At workplaces, the problematic behavior, unsafe act, could be reduced if the company has exposure and effective solution towards minimizing costs significantly and improve the safety as a main focus of the company.
Training plays most contributing role in explaining management practices to improve safety performance. In order to improve the quality of safety and health for all employees, organizations should implement a systematic, comprehensive safety program and health training program for new employees. To improve the awareness to these hazards and it will help provide orientation to new employees in safety and health quality systems Wameedh A.
Khdair, The theory also was supported by H Sanaei Nasab et al. Human factor includes lack of knowledge, lack of interest, negative attitude, unsafe behavior and incompetence. Lack of interest is among the most important factors that fail health promotion plans at workplace.
Principles and Procedures mentioned that controlled behavior within the workplace can contribute positively to creating a productive and harmonious environment in which staff can be inspired and achieve their full potential.
However, when behavior is inappropriate or dysfunctional, it can have serious consequences on productivity, job satisfaction and on the physical and psychological well-being of staff. The term fatal injuries mean deaths, which is resulted from the traumatic injury or other external causes that occurred on the workplace. While non-fatal injuries refer to those injuries which lead to physical or emotional damages.
These injuries can be controlled by medical aid within a certain time period and these injuries do not lead to death, Wameedh A.
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Sampling Design In this chapter, the researcher will discuss about the data that collected during the distribution of questionnaire to the workers and the total of sample taken from the workers were 50 overall.
The approach used in this study is crucial to determine the possible outcomes thus answering the question based on the objective. In a few words, the improvement of OSH conditions within the enterprises requires the implementation of effective OSH interventions [ 789 ]. An OSH intervention is defined as an attempt to improve safety and health conditions in workplaces by means of targeted activities and initiatives.
Such activities include changes in work organization and working conditions, engineering activities for modification and installation of plant and equipment, training, and behavioural changes. Interventions can occur at different levels. However, nowadays, when enterprises try to change and to improve their work-environment by targeted activities and procedures, the result is often not the one expected. The lack of effectiveness of safety interventions is one of the major problems affecting companies, especially SMEs, in Italy.
Therefore, the overall aim of this research is understanding the mechanisms by which an OSH intervention at the workplace level works or does not work as expected, by adopting the procedure and related taxonomies of mechanisms and contextual factors recently developed by Masi et al.
By means of a questionnaire, several interviews were conducted in enterprises to reach a clear view on interventions and on the related outcomes. The adoption of the structured approach proposed by [ 10 ] claims for better supporting practitioners in the organisation all their knowledge, information and a data in a more systematic way, helping them to better understand the phenomena that take place and thus to improve their capacity of finding new and more effective solutions.
The paper is structured as follows: Section 2 introduces the conceptual research framework; Section 3 presents the literature review; Section 4 describes the methodology of the research; Section 5 summarizes the results; Section 6 discusses the results and; finally, Section 7 draws the conclusions.