Lucy (Australopithecus) - Wikipedia
New species of early human discovered near fossil of 'Lucy' several distinct hominins — species more closely related to humans than to chimps Spoor warns against jumping to conclusions about the relationship between. "Lucy" is the nickname of one of the most well-known human ancestor fossils. ( For a more detailed account of Lucy's discovery and early fieldwork at Hadar. Lucy the australopithecine, Australopithecus afarensis One day during the Pliocene Epoch, a young adult ape died in the Awash Valley of East Africa. in her bones, such as the angle of her femur in relation to knee-joint.
This fossil was later dated at more than three million years old—much older than other hominin fossils known at the time. The site lay about 2.
Then, on the morning of 24 Novembernear the Awash RiverJohanson abandoned a plan to update his field notes and joined graduate student Tom Gray to search Locality for bone fossils.
On a hunch, Johanson decided to look at the bottom of a small gully that had been checked at least twice before by other workers. At first view nothing was immediately visible, but as they turned to leave a fossil caught Johanson's eye; an arm bone fragment was lying on the slope. Near it lay a fragment from the back of a small skull. They noticed part of a femur thigh bone a few feet about one meter away. As they explored further, they found more and more bones on the slope, including vertebraepart of a pelvisribsand pieces of jaw.
They marked the spot and returned to camp, excited at finding so many pieces apparently from one individual hominin.
That first evening they celebrated at the camp; at some stage during the evening they named fossil AL "Lucy", after the Beatles ' song " Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds ", which was being played loudly and repeatedly on a tape recorder in the camp.
Johanson assessed it as female based on the one complete pelvic bone and sacrum, which indicated the width of the pelvic opening. The creature had a small brain like a chimpanzee, but the pelvis and leg bones were almost identical in function to those of modern humans, showing with certainty that Lucy's species were hominins that had stood upright and had walked erect.
Lucy the pre-human hominid and fossil hominin, captured much public notice; she became almost a household name at the time. Some nine years later, and now assembled altogether, she was returned to Ethiopia. No central authority determines this, so paleoarchaeologists discuss it and try to reach a consensus.
Looking into Lucy
Clearly, some of these species must have overlapped during hominine evolution. What scientists now know took many years to figure out.
The first early human fossil bones were found in Europe — Neanderthals in Germany in and Cro-Magnon in France in Java Man was found in Sumatra, Indonesia, in Louis Leakey measures an ancient skull found in Tanzania.
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- 1. She walked on two feet, but also hung out in trees.
- Hominine Fossils and Paleoarchaeologists
But archaeologists denied that these bones were significant. The first to make credible finds were an English couple, Louis and Mary Leakey. They hired English tutors for their children, but mostly Louis spent his childhood hunting and trapping with the local Kikuyu boys. Louis spoke Kikuyu as a native language and went through initiation rites with his Kikuyu peers. At the age of 13 Louis built his own house, as was Kikuyu custom. World War I prevented Louis from being sent to boarding school in England; he was 16 before he traveled to London to prepare for entrance to Cambridge University to become an archaeologist.
Mary Nicol grew up in England, but her father was an artist who took his family traveling for nine months out of each year, mostly in southern France, where he painted pictures that he sold in London. He loved Stone Age history and showed Mary many archaeological sites in France. At 17 she took charge of her own education, learning to fly a glider and to draw, and attending lectures in archaeology.
Mary and Louis met in London in when she was 20 and he Louis was married at the time — with one small child and another on the way — but he and Mary nevertheless began an affair, and in she joined him in Tanzania during one of his expeditions. It lies about miles southwest of Nairobi, in present-day Tanzania.
Olduvai Gorge took shape when a river cut through the sediment that had formed over 2 million years at the bottom of a huge ancient lake. About 20, years ago an earthquake drained the lake; after that, the river cut a deep gorge through the sediment of the old lake bed.
The river sliced mostly through the shoreline of the lake, revealing the remains of people and other animals that had once gathered there. Mountains and volcanoes frame the edge of the Great Rift Valley. The volcanic eruptions produce ash, which easily buries and fossilizes bones, making this ideal territory for finding fossils. After being buried under layers of soil for millions of years, the fossils are moved upward as the Earth continues to shift.
They lived in tents or mud huts with dirt floors and kerosene lamps. Often they had no fresh vegetables or fruit, living on fresh fish, canned food, rice and corn meal, and coffee and tea.
They both smoked cigarettes heavily. Sometimes Louis shot a gazelle for its meat. Prides of lions prowled their camps at night. Keeping the cars and trucks running in the wilderness proved a monumental task. On occasion the only water available came from watering holes where rhinoceroses wallowed; the soup, coffee, and tea would taste of rhino urine.
7 interesting facts about Lucy the ancient ape | MNN - Mother Nature Network
African servants cooked and served their meals and washed their clothes. The couple worked early and late in the day to avoid the hottest sun, in sand that radiated heat. Louis and Mary found many ancient tools and fossils of extinct animals, but finding human fossils proved more difficult. In Mary discovered a skull that dated at 1. In Louis found the hand and foot bones of a year-old, whom he named Homo habilis, thus classifying this species of hominine.