An outline shows relationships among ideas. You can group ideas into main points to see how they're related. It's often used as a summary of a. Examples: describe, discuss, summarize, outline, trace, illustrate, review, develop RELATE. Show the connection between the things mentioned; how. Outline Preparing an outline shows a relationship between the main idea and the supporting details. Outlines start.
As with anything else that happens in your writing, they should be used when they feel natural and feel like the right choice.
Understanding Main Idea and Supporting Details as a Reading Strategy Tutorial | Sophia Learning
Here are some examples to help you see the difference between transitions that feel like they occur naturally and transitions that seem forced and make the paragraph awkward to read: The Impressionist painters of the late 19th century are well known for their visible brush strokes, for their ability to convey a realistic sense of light, and for their everyday subjects portrayed in outdoor settings. In spite of this fact, many casual admirers of their work are unaware of the scientific innovations that made it possible this movement in art to take place.
Then, Inan American painter named John Rand invented the collapsible paint tube. To illustrate the importance of this invention, pigments previously had to be ground and mixed in a fairly complex process that made it difficult for artists to travel with them.
For example, the mixtures were commonly stored in pieces of pig bladder to keep the paint from drying out. In addition, when working with their palettes, painters had to puncture the bladder, squeeze out some paint, and then mend the bladder again to keep the rest of the paint mixture from drying out. Subtle Transitions that Aid Reader Understanding: The Impressionist painters of the late 19th century are well known for their visible brush strokes, for their ability to convey a realistic sense of light, for their everyday subjects portrayed in outdoor settings.
However, many casual admirers of their work are unaware of the scientific innovations that made it possible for this movement in art to take place. Inan American painter named John Rand invented the collapsible paint tube.
Before this invention, pigments had to be ground and mixed in a fairly complex process that made it difficult for artists to travel with them. The mixtures were commonly stored in pieces of pig bladder to keep the paint from drying out. When working with their palettes, painters had to puncture the bladder, squeeze out some paint, and then mend the bladder again to keep the rest of the paint mixture from drying out.
Here are a few strategies to help you show your readers how the main ideas of your paragraphs relate to each other and also to your thesis. Use Signposts Signposts are words or phrases that indicate where you are in the process of organizing an idea; for example, signposts might indicate that you are introducing a new concept, that you are summarizing an idea, or that you are concluding your thoughts. Some of the most common signposts include words and phrases like first, then, next, finally, in sum, and in conclusion.
Be careful not to overuse these types of transitions in your writing. Your readers will quickly find them tiring or too obvious. Instead, think of more creative ways to let your readers know where they are situated within the ideas presented in your essay. You might conclude with a forward-looking sentence like this: This transitional strategy can be tricky to employ smoothly.
Use Backward-Looking Sentences at the Beginning of Paragraphs Rather than concluding a paragraph by looking forward, you might instead begin a paragraph by looking back. Beginning the opening of a new paragraph or section of the essay with a backward-looking transition might look something like this: Reading your draft aloud is a great revision strategy for so many reasons, and revising your essay for transitions is no exception to this rule.
This can help you make note of areas where transitions need to be added. Repetition is another problem that can be easier to spot if you read your essay aloud. It establishes the order and relationship of the main points.
It clarifies the relationship between the major and minor points. Here's what the student's second outline looked like: For example, is one idea similar to or different from another?
Is one a cause of another? Is one idea the solution to another? Do two points represent different categories of a larger idea?
In other words, do your ideas fall into one of the conventional approaches to thinking about an issue: You can use these standard approaches to help you think through your ideas and come up with a logical plan.
That plan then becomes your outline. While drafting, you can make a draft or descriptive outline--an outline that is based on your draft. It describes each of your paragraphs so that you can critique your organization. It helps you answer the questions: Does my draft flow logically from point to point?
Have I discussed similar ideas in the same section or do I seem to jump around? This is a draft outline the above-mentioned student made after writing the first draft of her paper. She summarized the draft, paragraph by paragraph, and then took a look at what the outline revealed. Paragraph 1 -- General introduction to political theories, Thesis: Paragraph 7 -- Neo-Marxist analysis of U.
Paragraph 8 -- Strengths of neo-Marxist analysis, Weaknesses of neo-Marxism and Pluralism Paragraph 9 -- Weaknesses of elitism Paragraph 10 -- Conclusion She noticed that the descriptions of neo-Marxism and elitism were each in a single paragraph, but the description of pluralism took two paragraphs. She decided to be consistent by combining paragraphs 3 and 4.
Developing Relationships between Ideas – The Word on College Reading and Writing
She also noticed that the second half of the paper seemed to jump around from theory to theory, presenting each theory's analysis and then each theory's weaknesses. She decided to put the pluralist analysis of the U. If you haven't already been making formal outlines, this outline will be a formal version of your previous notes; it lays out your main points and subpoints for your reader. Generally, this kind of outline uses conventions of formal outlining: Roman numerals, letters and indentations.
Sometimes this sort of outline can be produced after you have written your essay. Formal outlines can be written in two ways.
In topic outlines, the ideas are expressed in parallel phrases in other words, they are expressed in the same grammatical form--as noun phrases, as verb phrases, etc. Topic outlines have the advantage of being brief. In sentence outlines, on the other hand, the ideas are expressed in complete, though not necessarily parallel, sentences. Sentence outlines give the reader a clearer idea of what you will argue.